This text by Rodrigo Quijano, a poet and literary and art critic, on the Lima 01 project by Peruvian photographers Philippe Gruenberg and Pablo Hare was published in the catalogue to the exhibition of the same name.
After studying economics and philosophy at the London School of Economics and Political Science, Philippe Gruenberg took classes in photography at the Saint Gervais Institute in Geneva, Switzerland and at the Instituto Gaudí (currently the Centro de la Imagen) in Lima. Since 1998, he has taken part in group shows in Peru and abroad; the first solo show of his work was held in 2002. In 2008, he participated in RIIA–Residencia Internacional de Artistas en Argentina.
After studying audiovisual communication at the Universidad de Lima, Pablo Hare studied photography at the Instituto Gaudí (currently the Centro de la Imagen) and cinematography at the Escuela Internacional de Cine y TV de San Antonio de los Baños, Cuba. In 2000, he was granted a fellowship by the Kunsthochschule für Medien [Academy of Media Arts] in Cologne, Germany, where he studied film. In 2005, he was an artist-in-residence at the Cité Internationale des Arts in Paris. Since 1993, he has participated in group shows in Peru and abroad. His first solo show, Isla Grande, took place in 2000; the show La Ruta, featuring work by Hare and by Santiago Roose, was held in 2001. Gruenberg and Hare founded and directed the Galería del Escusado, active in Lima in 2002 and 2003; they were founding members of the Espacio La Culpable collective (2002–08), also based in Lima. The exhibition Lima 01, for which this text was written, was held in 2002, and Residencial San Felipe in 2003; both were curated by Rodrigo Quijano. Those projects revolve around the architecture of Lima as testimony to events and configurations of a social and political nature that leave their mark on architecture envisioned as structure and as space.
In addition to producing and analyzing literature, Rodrigo Quijano, the author of this text, has been a critic and curator of contemporary Peruvian art since 1998.
Lima 01 was first exhibited at the Espacio La Culpable in 2002, and then at the XXV São Paulo Biennial. The exhibition catalogue contains English and Spanish versions of this text by Quijano and reproductions of twelve photographs. In his discussion, Quijano reads the works in relation to the social connotations of the changes in the city of Lima since the time of its founding in the sixteenth century and to the factors crucial to Peru’s socio-political life at the end of the twentieth century. The context for this work is the aftermath of the domestic armed conflict in Peru, primarily between the government and the Shining Path (that conflict lasted from 1980 to 1992, a critical moment in contemporary Peruvian history), and the repressive dictatorship that began in 1992 pursuant to a coup that brought Alberto Fujimori to power. Fujimori’s regime lasted until he was removed from office in the year 2000.