In spite of being thoroughly documented and based on his previous book, O Movimento Modernista em Pernambuco (1968 and 1969), the writer Joaquim Inojosa concentrates on accusations against Gilberto Freyre but presents no substantial arguments. Although he contributed to the spread of modernist ideas and ideals in his home state of Pernambuco in the 1920s and 1930s, the author lacks any analytical or critical works to shore up modern thinking. Notwithstanding doubts concerning the date of the “Manifesto Regionalista” [see the ICAA digital archive (1074787)], Freyre’s work continues to be considered the first modern theoretical statement on the socioeconomic structure of the Brazilian northeast, an undisputed contribution to our understanding of Brazilian culture in the twentieth century.
The Brazilian sociologist and Congressman Gilberto Freyre (1900–87) was one of the country’s most influential thinkers, particularly in terms of race, during the first half of the twentieth century. In 1933, Freyre achieved international recognition for his great work, Casa-Grande & Senzala,the first in a series of three volumes that included Sobrados e mucambos (1938) and Ordem e Progresso (1957) [on this subject, see the following articles in the ICAA digital archive: “Interamericanismo” (807911) and “A propósito da política cultural do Brasil na América” (807856)]. Freyre was the leader of a group of writers who endorsed his Regionalist Manifesto and his retrospective review twenty-five years later in “Manifesto Regionalista de 1926: vinte e cinco anos depois” (1110808), and again fifty years later in “Regionalismo brasileiro” (1110810).