The editorial categories are research topics that have guided researchers during the recovery phase and continue to be the impetus behind the Documents Project’s digital archive and the Critical Documents book series. Developed by the project’s Editorial Board, each of the teams analyzed this framework and adapted it to their local contexts in developing their research objectives and work plans during the Recovery Phase. Learn more on the Editorial Framework page.
In this article, Peruvian artist, photographer, and art critic Teófilo Castillo describes the architecture of Lima as deficient, proposing a structure he calls “el Palacio Posnanski” [sic], a home built by the Austrian engineer, amateur archaeologist, and explorer Arthur Posnansky in Bolivia as an alternative model. Castillo criticizes Peruvian architecture for its use of plaster and paints to create the illusion of stone, bronze, and other costly building materials. He also condemns the Peruvian affection for foreign styles and inferior imitations of the great buildings of Europe. Castillo praises Posnansky’s construction in the capital of Bolivia that imitates the architecture and adornment of Tiahuanacu [Tiwanaku], the city of Bolivian ruins that Posnansky studied for twenty years, and the subject about which he wrote in his book, Tiahuanacu, la cuna del hombre americano. While Posnansky modeled the building after the ruins of Tiahuanacu, he also included modern concessions, such as colored glass windows. Castillo claims that all architectural adornments on the building are carefully selected to reflect the traditions and history of Tiahuanacu. He describes Posnansky’s home as a beautiful example of Bolivian architecture, and expresses the desire that such architectural projects would be undertaken in Peru.