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In this essay, María de Mater O'Neill, Marimar Benítez, Julieta González, and Enrique Renta, who are all involved in art, join together to discuss their ideas about Conceptual art. O’Neill explains the development of Conceptual art, and suggests where its meaning will lead. Marimar Benítez provides a brief commentary on Conceptual art in Puerto Rico. She also mentions works that stirred up major controversy, such as when in 1976, Carlos Irizarry threatened to blow up the president of the United States, Gerald Ford, in protest of Puerto Rico’s colonial status. She also mentions Irizarry’s conceptual work from 1979, which consisted of threatening to blow up an airplane en route to San Juan from New York, a proposal that earned him four years in prison. Julieta González, for her part, discusses Conceptual art in Latin America. And finally, Enrique Renta explains the tenuous and often ironic connection between Conceptual art and the art market.   


María de Mater O’Neill is a visual artist; Marimar Benítez is rector of the School of Visual Arts in San Juan; Julieta González, is a Venezuelan curator who lives in Puerto Rico, and is responsible for the Berezdivin family private collection; Enrique Renta works in advertising and visual art.

Flavia Marichal Lugo
Museo de Historia, Antropología y Arte, Universidad de Puerto Rico, San Juan, Puerto Rico
Courtesy of the private archives of Marimar Benítez, San Juan, Puerto Rico