The editorial categories are research topics that have guided researchers during the recovery phase and continue to be the impetus behind the Documents Project’s digital archive and the Critical Documents book series. Developed by the project’s Editorial Board, each of the teams analyzed this framework and adapted it to their local contexts in developing their research objectives and work plans during the Recovery Phase. Learn more on the Editorial Framework page.
This press article announces the exhibition of work by five abstract artists from Cuba (Hugo Consuegra, Tomás Oliva, Raúl Martínez, Antonio Vidal, and Guido Llinás), former members of the Los Once group (Cuba 1953). The exhibition was organized by the gallery-bookstore Sardio (Caracas). In the article, Florencio García Cisneros explains that these are the finest abstract artists in Cuba, who express the progress their country is making in avant-garde painting. The article names the researchers who contributed to the exhibition catalogue, and mentions the main reviews, such as the one in The New York Times that stated that this kind of painting showed that Latin American art could be enormously important in the future.
This press article reports on the activities of the avant-garde during the brief but transcendent lifespan of the Sardio group (Caracas, 1957–60), whose members included young writers, poets, painters, film critics, and playwrights. They had a gallery and published (seven issues of) a magazine, both called “Sardio,” where they welcomed and presented avant-garde painting, new literature, and experimental theater. The bookstore-gallery of the group hosted this exhibition of abstract paintings by five former members of Los Once, the Cuban group that introduced their country to modernist visual art and its break with tradition.
In terms of common values and goals, there was an obvious compatibility between the Sardio group and the five Cuban artists who participated in the exhibition: Hugo Consuegra (1929?2003), Tomás Oliva (1930–96), Raúl Martínez (1927–95), Antonio Vidal (1928?2013), and Guido Llinás (1923?2005). As noted in the article, the catalogue includes essays by important researchers, such as Loló de la Torriente, Salvador Bueno, Carlyle Burrows, Adela Jaume, Luis Dulzaides, Dore Ashton, Rafael Marquina, José Álvarez Baragaño, and the writer Severo Sarduy.
After the Sardio group disbanded, mainly for political reasons, the former members started other groups: El Techo de la Ballena and Tabla Redonda, both of which were influential in the 1960s.