The editorial categories are research topics that have guided researchers during the recovery phase and continue to be the impetus behind the Documents Project’s digital archive and the Critical Documents book series. Developed by the project’s Editorial Board, each of the teams analyzed this framework and adapted it to their local contexts in developing their research objectives and work plans during the Recovery Phase. Learn more on the Editorial Framework page.
In the first part of his text for the catalogue to the Primera Bienal del Paisaje de la Tabacalera Nacional held in Caracas in 1986, curator Adolfo Wilson provides a historical overview of the landscape genre in the history of Western art. In the second part—after affirming the importance of events like the biennial—Wilson groups the works of the participating artists into four categories, each with its own section: (I) The rupture of models of value and principles of perception; (II) Hyper-technology, artificial nature, and the macro- and micro-cosmic vision of the landscape; (III) Personal and collective memory as landscape; and (IV) Nature and urban reality at the boundaries of abstraction and re-readings of the landscape’s traditional conception of space.
The first part of this text by curator Adolfo Wilson is didactic insofar as it provides information on the history of the landscape genre in Western culture. This section, which is fairly far-reaching, serves to orient new audiences. The author also provides information on contemporary and international art movements and tendencies in the landscape genre or in related genres (environmental art, land art, and earth art) that have influenced certain Venezuelan artists. Notwithstanding, the aim of the text is to provide a register of artists active in Venezuela in the final decades of the twentieth century, artists whose work can be understood in terms of what could be broadly defined as the new Venezuelan landscape. Significantly, this text was published in the context of a nationwide art event, organized by the private sector, with a pre-established theme, an event that illustrates the transformation of the canonic landscape genre.