The editorial categories are research topics that have guided researchers during the recovery phase and continue to be the impetus behind the Documents Project’s digital archive and the Critical Documents book series. Developed by the project’s Editorial Board, each of the teams analyzed this framework and adapted it to their local contexts in developing their research objectives and work plans during the Recovery Phase. Learn more on the Editorial Framework page.
This essay, written by curator Susana Torruella Leval, provides a biographical overview of the careers of mural artist, Nitza Tufiño, and her father, Rafael Tufiño—a renowned Puerto Rican painter and printmaker. Leval describes the relationship between both artists as surpassing familial ties that evolved into that of colleagues. She discusses Rafael Tufiño’s central role in forging a national printmaking workshop in Puerto Rico that celebrated the popular culture of the Island, and she also provides an analysis of his print series on Puerto Rican coffee workers: El Cafe (1956). Leval sees Nitza Tufiño’s commitment to making public art as an extension of her father’s practice of creating art for and about common people. Torruella Leval describes Nitza’s incorporation of Taino, Aztec, and Mayan iconography in her mural for the Third Street Music School, in Manhattan as whimsical interpretations of pre-Columbian motifs that delight school children.
The essay was written for the exhibition catalogue, Rafael Tufiño Serie del Café, Nitza Tufiño a Rafael Tufiño, held from March 11 to 28, 1981 at Cayman Gallery in SoHo, NYC.Although Nitza and Rafael Tufiño have participated in the same groups shows, this is the only exhibition where their work was displayed side by side.