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In this document, Shifra Goldman profiles several Chicano artists with ties to Texas to assess and highlight the state of Chicano art in that region in 1981. Goldman links the development of Chicano art in Texas to the Chicano Movement in the Southwest in the 1960s and ‘70s, and she discusses how changes in perspective, style, interests, and skill on the part of artists continue to alter the face of their art today. She profiles a diverse and influential group of artists, including Mel Casas, César Augusto Martínez, Carmen Lomas Garza, Santa Barraza, Amado Peña, Jr., and Leo Tanguma. Goldman details the artistic and political lives of these individual artists who, according to her, together represent the strength and multifaceted nature of contemporary Chicano art in Texas.


Shifra Goldman (1926–2011) was a prolific art historian and scholar who wrote extensively about Mexican, Latino, and Chicano art. This essay was published in Revista Chicano-Riqueña, a journal established at the University of Indiana by Luis Dávila and Nicolás Kanellos that was later relocated to the University of Houston. The journal was important in that it was the first journal to break down Chicano nationalism in favor of cross-Latino alliances and to create a forum for the literary and artistic dialogue between Chicanos and Puerto Ricans/Nuyoricans. In this essay, Goldman provides a survey of some of the major Chicano artists of Texas, and also delineates how they generally mirror the growing complexity of Chicano, especially with regard to the polarities resulting from the pull between creating art based on specific aesthetic concerns and that of promoting community activism.

Tere Romo
Chicano Studies Research Center, UCLA, Los Angeles, USA
Courtesy of Eric Garcia, POA Shifra Goldman, North Hollywood, CA
Courtesy of Arte Público Press, University of Houston, Houston, TX