The editorial categories are research topics that have guided researchers during the recovery phase and continue to be the impetus behind the Documents Project’s digital archive and the Critical Documents book series. Developed by the project’s Editorial Board, each of the teams analyzed this framework and adapted it to their local contexts in developing their research objectives and work plans during the Recovery Phase. Learn more on the Editorial Framework page.
In this letter to Luis Manuel Rodríguez Morales, executive director of the Instituto de Cultura Puertorriqueña (ICP), Colombian artists María de la Paz Jaramillo, Pedro Alcántara, Phanor León, Gustavo Zalamea, and Augusto Rendón condition their participation in the IV Bienal de San Juan del Grabado Latinoamericano [Fourth Latin American Print Biennial, San Juan] on the nonuse of funds for the celebration of the bicentennial of North American independence, thus expressing their solidarity with the people of Puerto Ricoin their struggle for independence.
In 1976, Lorenzo Homar (1913–2004) withdrew his work from the IV Bienal de San Juan del Grabado Latinoamericano [Fourth Latin American Print Biennial, San Juan] to protest the use of funds from the American Revolution Bicentennial Commission toward that event. Homar did not believe that the biennial was the place to celebrate the war for United States independence on the island, its quintessential colony. By withdrawing his work, he had hoped to spark international protest, but instead the event was canceled.
Lorenzo Homar (San Juan, 1913–2004) was a printmaker, poster artist, calligrapher, book illustrator, set and clothing designer, and mentor to a whole generation of Puerto Rican printmakers. From 1952 to 1957, he was the director of the Taller de Gráfica [Graphics Workshop] at the División de Educación de la Comunidad (DIVEDCO). In 1955, he organized the Taller de Gráfica at the Instituto de Cultura Puertorriqueña (ICP), where he remained until 1973. Later, he worked in his own studio, where he experimented with and perfected the silkscreen technique.