The University of Puerto Rico Bulletin: Art in Review, Reprints of material dealing with Art Exhibitions directed by Walt Dehner and Acquisitions in the University of Puerto Rico, 1929-1938 (San Juan, Puerto Rico). -- Vol. 2 (Dic. 1937)
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This essay, edited by poet and educator Muna Lee de Muñoz Marín, is a review of an exhibition of artwork created by students at the Universidad de Puerto Rico. The exhibition, held May 21–22, 1929, took place in the Salón de Arte [Art Room] at UPR. Among the works presented were fabric designs, posters intended to be advertisements, art applied to objects, watercolors, and story illustrations. U.S. artist and professor Walter Dehner stated that there was a great deal of talent on the island. However, in his opinion, a critical sense could not be developed because at the time, Puerto Rico had no art museum where aesthetic tastes could be cultivated.
This article was originally published in El Diario, La Prensa, New York, on May 29, 1929.
Edited by Muna Lee de Muñoz Marín, this issue of the newsletter, Art in Review, discusses the exhibitions organized and the works acquired by Walter Dehner (New York, 1898–California, 1955), the director of art at the Universidad de Puerto Rico at that time. This issue, which was published in 1937, offers an early view of the artistic and cultural scene in Puerto Rico. These mostly little-known documents also illustrate the importance of the Universidad de Puerto Rico as the primary venue for the first exhibitions held on the island. Related documents include: the cover of this issue of Art in Review (doc. No. 823185), “Other Gifts to the Art Collection of the University of Puerto Rico” (doc. No. 824943), and “Art Exhibitions in the University of Puerto Rico 1929–1938” (doc. No. 824716).
Muna Lee (Raymond, Mississippi, 1895–San Juan, Puerto Rico 1965) was an educator, translator, and writer of poems, stories, and novels. The United States Secret Service recruited her as a translator during the First World War, stationing her in New York. In 1919, she met Luis Muñoz Marín, governor of Puerto Rico from 1949 to 1965, to whom she was married for twenty-seven years. Lee was the source of moral and economic support for her husband throughout a tumultuous marriage that ultimately ended in divorce after a number of separations. Muna Lee was the chair of the advertising department at the Universidad de Puerto Rico from 1927 until 1946, when she resigned. At that time, she was on unpaid leave while working in Washington, DC. Muna Lee was a close friend of feminist journalist Ruby Black, who gave Muñoz Marín direct access to the Franklin D. Roosevelt administration. Lee worked at the Latin American Bureau of the State Department, and served as a specialist on Puerto Rico under presidents Harry S. Truman (1945–52), Dwight D. Eisenhower (1952–60) and John F. Kennedy (1960–63).
Known as “Walt,” Dehner was not only an art educator in Puerto Rico from 1929 to 1946, but also a painter, lithographer, and photographer. Aware of the limitations of the island’s artistic milieu, he did what he could to encourage and support Puerto Rican artists. An important aspect of his work in education was organizing exhibitions, including Primera y segunda exhibición independiente de arte e historia (First and Second Exhibition of Art and History, 1929–1931); Exposición de grabados y litografías (Exhibition of Prints and Lithographs, 1930–31); Progressive Conservative Show (1931); Exposición de arte americano en blanco y negro (Exhibition of American Art in Black and White, 1932); Tercera exhibición de arte puertorriqueño (Third Exhibition of Puerto Rican Art, 1933); and Exposición de arte contemporáneo de México (Exhibition of Contemporary Art from Mexico, 1935).