The editorial categories are research topics that have guided researchers during the recovery phase and continue to be the impetus behind the Documents Project’s digital archive and the Critical Documents book series. Developed by the project’s Editorial Board, each of the teams analyzed this framework and adapted it to their local contexts in developing their research objectives and work plans during the Recovery Phase. Learn more on the Editorial Framework page.
This essay commemorates the first anniversary of the arrival of the Sinaia, the French ship that brought the first wave of Spanish refugees to Veracruz in 1939, and mentions that the date coincides with the shameful Nazi occupation of Paris (June 1940). The writer clarifies that the goal of the essay is not to provide an update on the exiled group but to note how differently fate had treated those who remained in the devastated fields of France and those who came to the marvelous land of the Americas. This is a sort of diary-log that documents the activities on board during the crossing: the lectures, concerts, and drawings. It acknowledges the crew’s fighting spirit and compassion, and recalls the captain’s indignant response when his passengers were referred to as both thieves and murderers. The opposite, as history teaches us, is true; it was in fact Franco’s followers who were the thieves and murderers.
This essay clearly documents the bonds of brotherhood that were forged among the refugees, in spite of their different professions and social backgrounds. The material written on board during the voyage was compiled into the first magazine produced by the exiles. This was a mimeographed publication—also called Sinaia—edited by Manuel Andújar (1913–1994), Juan Rejano, and Ramón Peinador, among others.