Pinturas: Granell. --San Juan, Puerto Rico : Universidad de Puerto Rico, 1949.
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The Chilean poet, Jorge Millas, who at the time was a professor at the University of Puerto Rico, wrote the introduction of the exhibition catalog on Eugenio Fernández Granell’s works, the Spanish artist living in exile in Puerto Rico. Millas discusses some of the exhibited works, and plainly states: “Surrealism is a form of critical exploration, a conscious expression of aesthetic creation which, as such, is among the most genuine forms of expression of our time.” The introduction includes quotes by André Breton, Benjamín Péret, Alberto Aguilar Chacón, Pedro Salinas, and R. Díaz Niese. The catalogue includes paintings dating from 1946 to 1949.
Eugenio Fernández Granell (1912–2001) left his home town of La Coruña in 1939 at the end of the Spanish Civil War. He spent some time in the Dominican Republic where he had a life-changing experience in 1941—he met André Breton, the founder of the European Surrealist movement. Granell arrived in Puerto Rico in 1950, not long before he joined the faculty of the humanities (Department of Fine Arts) at the University of Puerto Rico. In 1956 he and some of his students formed the group, El Mirador Azul [The Blue Lookout Point], as a vehicle for promoting Surrealism, which at the time they saw as the only means of breaking completely with both the establishment and the avant-garde. Following Surrealist ideology, the group invented games and organized events. They gathered at different places to pose random questions that they answered with whatever occurred to them at the time as though the answers were supplied by the unconscious, in imitation of “le jeu du cadavre esquís…” [the game of the exquisite corpse].