The editorial categories are research topics that have guided researchers during the recovery phase and continue to be the impetus behind the Documents Project’s digital archive and the Critical Documents book series. Developed by the project’s Editorial Board, each of the teams analyzed this framework and adapted it to their local contexts in developing their research objectives and work plans during the Recovery Phase. Learn more on the Editorial Framework page.
This text contains the lyrics to the song, Corrido de Don Chapulín, [Song of Don Chapulín] that was illustrated by four graphic options so that the reader could select his or her preference. The corrido [Mexican folk song] first defines the character of Don Chapulín, the negative social archetype of the greedy purveyor of agricultural products, followed by ways to combat him. Although the text was always the same, Leopoldo Méndez created four engravings on zinc plates for the Corrido de Don Chapulín that each related different facets of the agricultural speculator who was portrayed as the cause of the peasants’ misery.
This type of illustration follows the communications pattern of José Guadalupe Posada’s (1852–1913) flyers with regard to its pedagogy and method for reproduction. At the same time, it was ahead of the educational processes of the time and foreshadows the use of new electronic tools for image and sound.
Leopoldo Méndez (1902–1969) was undoubtedly a pivotal figure in the production and dissemination of engraving in Mexico; he was also known for his works as a member of the Taller de la Gráfica Popular (TGP) [The People’s Graphic Workshop]. The mythical link that Méndez (and art history) established with the figure of Posada made his artistic proposal a revolution milestone.