The editorial categories are research topics that have guided researchers during the recovery phase and continue to be the impetus behind the Documents Project’s digital archive and the Critical Documents book series. Developed by the project’s Editorial Board, each of the teams analyzed this framework and adapted it to their local contexts in developing their research objectives and work plans during the Recovery Phase. Learn more on the Editorial Framework page.
This is the third of four articles on the nature of the current painting movement in Mexico. It classifies those painters and writers as retrogressive, who continue to paint under outdated and foreign influences without contributing to the local sphere, anarchist painters who have returned to a classicism that is completely alien to the social sphere. The article asks: how Saturnino Herrán can be Mexican if he paints local forms under foreign influences? It indicates the same of Joaquín Clausell, who belonged to the prior generation. With regard to José Clemente Orozco, the article states that he advanced a new nationalism.
David Alfaro Siqueiros (1896–1974) and Jean Charlot (1897–1979) used the pseudonym “Engineer Juan Hernández Araujo” as well “Francisco Hernández Arajo” in order to write four key articles on the historical evolution of the post-revolutionary pictorial movement. In this article they report on the painters of the Academy. They differentiate between those who were left with an older, foreign aesthetic and those who went on to create a new aesthetic. In this article one can detect the resonance of Siqueiros’ writings, which would not change overt time.