The editorial categories are research topics that have guided researchers during the recovery phase and continue to be the impetus behind the Documents Project’s digital archive and the Critical Documents book series. Developed by the project’s Editorial Board, each of the teams analyzed this framework and adapted it to their local contexts in developing their research objectives and work plans during the Recovery Phase. Learn more on the Editorial Framework page.
This article is one of the few that describes the murals painted in several primary schools in Mexico, thus it allows us to know what it was like before its total or partial destruction. The title of this mural by Pablo O’Higgins was Vida y problemas sociales. La conquista contra la verdad y la realidad del trabajo y sus luchas. [Life and Social Problems. The conquest of truth and the reality of labor and its struggles.]
Having served as Diego Rivera’s assistant when he painted the frescoes at the Secretaría de Educación Pública, [SEP, Ministry of Public Education], the Universidad Agrónoma in Chapingo, and afterward when he painted the corridors of the Mercado Abelardo Rodríguez, Pablo O’Higgins then had the opportunity to paint three murals at the Emiliano Zapata functionalist school. It was later divided; one mural remains at the Jesús Romero Flores School. Its theme builds upon topics explored by Rivera: an indigenous woman with her family of two children living in the post-Conquest era, two Spanish soldiers with armor and menacing spears helping another Spaniard with a whip in his hand, and a bishop—the latter two are symbols of the military-spiritual conquest. One indigenous child is blindfolded, which represents ignorance and submission. In the dark background, flames consume the Aztec temples. There is a sun-star (Venus) above the figures and a descending eagle serves as an allegorical representation of Cuauhtémoc.