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This document is the response from a group of intellectuals who wrote a letter in support of a call by the Chilean poet Gabriela Mistral—the pseudonym of the educator and diplomat Lucila Godoy Alcayaga—for a Continental Conference on Culture in the Americas. The Brazilian signatories of the letter confirm the existence of an “individual quality” in each nation’s culture, and endorse the need to preserve it; however, they regret the paucity or outright lack of exchange between the countries in the region. They suggest organizing the event in Chile in October of the same year, in order to discuss ways to “promote the flowering of American cultures for the benefit of mankind.” Convinced that culture “contributes to peace and progress,” the Brazilian group underscores the fact that Latin American nations have, in the course of History (with a capital letter), developed “national cultures imbued with valuable traits of their own.”
Resposta de um grupo de intelectuais brasileiros em apoio à convocatória da poetisa chilena Gabriela Mistral para a realização de um Congresso Continental de Cultura nas Américas. Os autores defendem a existência e preservação do "caráter próprio" das culturas nacionais e lamentam a insuficiência de intercâmbio entre os países da região. Propõem a organização do evento em outubro daquele ano, no Chile, com o objetivo de discutir medidas capazes de "assegurar o florescimento das culturas americanas em benefício de toda a humanidade", certos de ser a cultura "fator de paz e progresso".
The discussions concerning the organization of the Continental Conference on Culture in the Americas above all was focused on messages of peace and cooperation between countries, which was perhaps a sign that the Cold War was about to begin, and considering that these events were taking place immediately after World War II. The idea had occurred to Gabriela Mistral, the Chilean poet, as a result of her experience as the Latin American representative to the Institute of Intellectual Cooperation at the League of Nations (now the UN) in Geneva in 1925. The letter—which was signed by Brazilian writers, artists, actors, and liberal professionals—talks about “creating a climate that is conducive to reciprocal understanding and friendship” among (Latin) American countries, either by stressing the need for a “fraternal debate” to discuss intellectual activity, or by framing it as a “legitimate expression” of the countries involved. The Conference was ultimately held the following year, in 1953, in Santiago, Chile. It was coordinated by two Chilean poets, Gabriela Mistral and Pablo Neruda, and the Mexican muralist Diego Rivera.
Gabriela Mistral (1889–1957) won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1945, becoming the fifth woman and the first Latin American writer to be accorded this great international distinction.
Em decorrência, talvez, do início da Guerra Fria, imediatamente posterior à II Guerra Mundial, o debate sobre a organização de um Congresso Continental de Cultura nas Américas pauta-se, sobretudo, por mensagens de paz e de colaboração entre os países. Nesta carta assinada por escritores, artistas, atores e profissionais liberais brasileiros, fala-se da "formação de um clima propício ao mútuo conhecimento e amizade" entre as nações americanas e da necessidade de um "fraternal debate" para pensar a atividade intelectual, bem como a "legítima expressão" dos povos da América. O congresso se realizaria no ano seguinte, em 1953, em Santiago do Chile, sob coordenação de Gabriela Mistral, Diego Rivera e Pablo Neruda.
Ver também:Gabriela Mistral, Apelo de Gabriela Mistral, prêmio Nobel de literatura, a todos os intelectuais americanos por um congresso continental de cultura.
a- Intercâmbio de idéias e difusão artística entre países do continente