Revista del Instituto de Cultura Puertorriqueña (San Juan, Puerto Rico). -- no. 55 (abr.-jun. 1972)
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Puerto Rican critic Ernesto Ruiz de la Mata comments that after the II Bienal de San Juan del Grabado Latinoamericano [2nd San Juan Biennial of Latin American Graphic Art] was inaugurated, many people forgot about the marginal activities that made the biennial a great art event. This Second Biennial included an exhibition of prints by Mexican artist José Guadalupe Posada and a retrospective about the graphic poster in Puerto Rico. In addition, there was an exhibition of prints by Uruguayan Luis Alberto Solari and another show of works by Puerto Rican printmaker José R. Alicea. Simultaneously, the Museo del Grabado Latinoamericano [Museum of Latin American Graphic Art] was inaugurated, and it held a silkscreen workshop to demonstrate the technique. Unquestionably, this medium is one preferred by Puerto Rican artists.
The Biennial de San Juan del Grabado Latinoamericano was one of the most important events held in the Caribbean region, given that it fostered an exchange of ideas and contact among different artists. The first of these biennials was organized by the Instituto de Cultura Puertorriqueña [Institute of Puerto Rican Culture] (ICP) in 1970. Printmaking was selected because it was a form of expression that was widely practiced by Puerto Rican artists, who were producing very high quality work. In 1986, “y del Caribe” [and Caribbean] was added to the name of the biennial so it could include that geographic area in the event. Parallel to this change, the biennial included two exhibitions to recognize artists’ work: one to honor a Puerto Rican artist and the other to honor a foreign artist.