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  • ICAA Record ID
    806227
    TITLE
    Tamayo en la VII Bienal / por Margarita Fernández Zavala
    IN

    Plástica (San Juan, Puerto Rico). -- Vol.1, no. 16 (Mar. 1987)


     

    DESCRIPTION
    p. 27-30 : ill.
    LANGUAGES
    Spanish
    TYPE AND GENRE
    Journal article – Reviews
    BIBLIOGRAPHIC CITATION
    Fernández Zavala, Margarita. "Tamayo en la VII Bienal." Plástica (San Juan, Puerto Rico), vol.1, no. 16 (March 1987): 27-30.
    NAME DESCRIPTORS
    GEOGRAPHIC DESCRIPTORS
Editorial Categories [?]
Synopsis

Puerto Rican historian Margarita Fernández Zavala summarizes the details of the VII Bienal de San Juan del Grabado Latinoamericano y del Caribe [7th San Juan Biennial of Latin American and Caribbean Graphic Art] (1986). The VII Bienal honored the Mexican artist Rufino Tamayo with a retrospective of his graphic work. Mexican art critic Raquel Tibol served as curator of the retrospective as well as a member of the jury at this biennial. Fernández Zavala writes a brief overview of the artist’s work, pointing out its values and importance. Though distant from the dramatic, political, and propagandistic motifs of the Mexican muralists, this work even-handedly embraces both the European avant-garde and the indigenous Mexican tradition.

Annotations

The Biennial de San Juan del Grabado Latinoamericano was one of the most important events held in the Caribbean region, given that it fostered an exchange of ideas and contact among different artists. The first of these biennials was organized by the Instituto de Cultura Puertorriqueña [Institute of Puerto Rican Culture] (ICP) in 1970. Printmaking was selected because it was a form of expression that was widely practiced by Puerto Rican artists, who were producing very high quality work. In 1986, “y del Caribe” [and Caribbean] was added to the name of the biennial so it could include that geographic area in the event. Parallel to this change, the biennial included two exhibitions to recognize artists’ work: one to honor a Puerto Rican artist and the other to honor a foreign artist.  

 

At the 1986 biennial, the Puerto Rican artist honored was Antonio Martorell. 

 

Plástica magazine, where this review was published, was an art publication that appeared fairly regularly in Puerto Rico. It began modestly enough in 1968, as the newsletter of the Liga de arte de San Juan [San Juan Art League], but changed its name in 1978 to Plástica revista de la Liga de estudiantes de San Juan [San Juan Student League Visual Arts Magazine]. Its very specific title notwithstanding, the twenty-one issues of the magazine explored a wide range of subjects within the broad parameters of Puerto Rican and Latin American art, filling its pages with retrospective coverage of subjects, such as the V Bienal de San Juan del grabado latinoamericano y del Caribe [5th San Juan Biennial of Latin American and Caribbean Prints] (1981), Puerto Rican architecture, and Latin American visual arts. The first editorial board of the magazine included Hélène Saldaña, Delta Picó, Cordelia Buitrago, and J.M. García Segovia. In addition to the many essays written by top Puerto Rican thinkers, the magazine published contributions from some of the leading Latin American artists and critics, such as Luis Camnitzer, Damián Bayón, Jacqueline Barnitz, Samuel Cherson, Joseph Alsop, Omar Rayo, and Ricardo Pau Llosa, among many others.

Researcher
Flavia Marichal
Team
Museo de Historia, Antropología y Arte, Universidad de Puerto Rico, San Juan, Puerto Rico
Credit
Courtesy of Margarita Fernández Zavala, Guaynabo, Puerto Rico
Location
Museo de Historia, Antropología y Arte, Universidad de Puerto Rico, Recinto de Río Piedras