Puerto Rican Graphic Arts: From the Island to El Barrio/Spanish Harlem, 1949-1985. New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA: The Center for Latino Arts and Culture, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, 1998
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Curator Isabel Nazario compares the emergence of independent Puerto Rican printmaking collectives in New York during the 1970s to the government sponsored graphic art workshops that were instituted in Puerto Rico in the 1950s. She notes that Puerto Ricans experienced sociopolitical upheaval during both eras in different places, and that artists addressed these changes via the production of prints and posters distributed to local communities. Additionally, artists were engaged in educating local communities in printmaking techniques, thus broadening the field of producers and consumers of poster art. Nazario finds that the presence of Island-based master printmakers—Rafael Tufiño and Carlos Osorio, in New York City during the late 1960s and early 1970s—enabled a younger generation of Puerto Rican artists in the city to obtain firsthand knowledge of the Puerto Rican printmaking tradition. She notes that both Tufiño and Osorio together with Marcos Dimas, Adrian Garcia, and Manuel Otero founded Taller Boricua, the first community-based Puerto Rican artist collective in New York. The intergenerational composition of Taller Boricua made this group uniquely suited to extending Puerto Rican graphic arts production to mainland United States. Nazario additionally notes that Puerto Rican printmakers saw themselves as following in the footsteps of the Taller de Gráfica Popular in Mexico.
Curator Isabel Nazario worked at El Museo del Barrio in the early 1980s, and also participated in Taller Boricua workshops. Nazario organized the catalogue and exhibition, Puerto Rican Graphic Arts: From the Island to El Barrio/Spanish Harlem, 1949–1985, to commemorate the one hundredth anniversary of the Spanish-American War, after which Puerto Rico became a colony of the United States. Although the essay is generally accurate, Nazario misidentifies the artist Manuel Otero as a writer.