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  • ICAA Record ID
    801807
    TITLE
    Exposición internacional del surrealismo : aparición de la gran esfinge nocturna = International exhibition of surrealism : apparition of the great sphinx of the night / André Breton, Wofgang Paalen, César Moro, Galería de Arte Mexicano
    IMPRINT
    México, D. F. : Galería de Arte Mexicano, 1940
    DESCRIPTION
    ill.
    LANGUAGES
    English; Spanish
    TYPE AND GENRE
    Book/Pamphlet – Catalogs
    BIBLIOGRAPHIC CITATION
    Breton, André, Wolfgang Paalen, César Moro and Galería de Arte Mexicano. Exposición internacional del surrealismo: aparición de la gran esfinge nocturna = International exhibition of surrealism: apparition of the great sphinx of the night. Exh. cat., México D.F., México: Galería de Arte Mexicano, 1940.
    GEOGRAPHIC DESCRIPTORS
    ADDITIONAL AUTHORS
    Galería de Arte Mexicano (Mexico City, Mexico); Moro, César, d. 1956; Paalen, Wolfgang
Synopsis

The Exposición Internacional del Surrealismo [International Exhibition of Surrealism] opened in 1940 at the Mexico City gallery owned by Inés Amor. André Breton, although absent, had organized the exhibition. His phrase “La belleza será convulsiva o no será” [Beauty will be convulsive or it will not be.] introduces the catalog and was meant as a cryptic reference to Mexico. The Peruvian poet César Moro and the Mexico-based Austrian painter, Wolfgang Paalen had taken care of the practical aspects of the exhibition. The catalog was bilingual and its back cover featured a seductive offer: “an apparition of the great nocturnal Sphinx, clairvoyant clocks, radioactive frames, burnt invitations.” Moro wrote the introduction to the catalog dated November 1939. After outlining the origins of the avant-garde and the central role of Surrealism, he explained how the show fit within the mechanics of international Surrealist exhibitions that had taken place in various countries. Paalen—for whom a number of works fundamental to the exhibition were lacking due to transportation problems—wrote a second essay for the catalog. It includes a list of the works and is illustrated by a good number of images. 

Annotations

After an attempt on his life at Coyoacán—organized by David Alfaro Siqueiros (1896-1974) himself,— Leon Trotsky (Lev Davidovich Bronstein, 1879-1940) was finally murdered in August of the following year. If André Breton (1896-1966) had harbored any political aspirations in Mexico—the resistance territory or “red land!” as he called it—they surely came to an end with Trotsky’s death. 

Researcher
Francisco Reyes Palma
Team
CURARE, Espacio crítico para las artes, Mexico City, Mexico
Credit
© 2012 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / ADAGP, Paris
Location
Archivo particular