Documents of 20th-century Latin American and Latino Art Home


Document first page thumbnail

In Ciudad Victoria (Tamaulipas), Miguel Aguillón Guzmán issued a fourth Estridentista manifesto in which the delegates to the III Congreso Nacional de Estudiantes [3rd National Students’Conference] affirm their “support for the Mexican revolutionary aesthetic movement.” The manifesto begins by announcing that “the governor will give 1,000 (pesos) to each delegate,” an ironic reference to the official strategy used in earlier times to co-opt intellectuals. In a separate vein, it ends by reprinting the editorial that appeared in the first issue of Irradiador magazine in 1923.


Faced with the prospect of allying Estridentismo with General Jara’s revolutionary government in the state of Veracruz, the estridentistas in Mexico City intended to publish one final manifesto, which never materialized, in which they planned to announce the end of their proclaims in an attempt to avoid duplicates from the center and, especially, from other provinces. The members of the movement also planned to establish the Estridentista University as a center of aesthetic subversion. In their zeal to erect a bastion of institutionalized power, the estridentistas themselves turned the avant-garde into a classic. During this phase and morroring their ambiguity, the term “revolutionary” became interchangeable with “avant-garde” and both conveyed the same sense of renovation. 

Francisco Reyes Palma
CURARE, Espacio crítico para las artes, Mexico City, Mexico
Reproduced with permission of Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México, Toluca, Mexico
Biblioteca Justino Fernández del Instituto de Investigaciones Estéticas, Univesidad Nacional Autónoma de México. México D. F., México