Documents of 20th-century Latin American and Latino Art

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Synopsis

On the fifteenth anniversary of the Galería de Arte Mexicano [GAM, Mexican Art Gallery], Margarita de Ponce reviews its activities and discusses what she considers to be its greatest contributions toward the distribution and promotion of Mexican art. In 1935, according to this journalist, there were no private exhibition spaces, and artists wishing to show their work were dependent on official events organized by the Departamento de Bellas Artes [Department of Fine Arts]. Knowing that the fate of painting should not be left exclusively in the hands of the government, Carolina Amor founded the Galería de Arte Mexicano with solid support from an important group of artists that included Julio Castellanos, Roberto Montenegro, and Gerardo Murillo. The gallery opened with a group exhibition of works by artists such as Rufino Tamayo and José Clemente Orozco who, over time, steadily raised the price of their paintings. De Ponce mentions that, to date, the gallery had presented 219 exhibitions in Mexico and 89 abroad. 

Annotations

During its fifteen years of operation, the Galería de Arte Mexicano (GAM) played a pivotal role in the exposure of Mexican artists overseas through important exhibitions such as Veinte Siglos de Arte Mexicano [Twenty Centuries of Mexican Art] (MoMA, 1940) and Mexican Art Today (Museum of Philadelphia, 1943). The GAM was instrumental in the advancement of many artists both in Mexico and abroad, leading to an increase in their prices and, of course, to the establishment of Mexican art in a number of public and private collections. The post-1950s saw the rise of other spaces that sought to exhibit and sell the work of artists who were not being shown at the GAM, but the latter maintained its dominant position for several more years. 

Researcher
Mireida Velázquez : CURARE A. C.
Team
CURARE, Espacio crítico para las artes, Mexico City, Mexico
Credit

Location
Instituto de Investigaciones Bibliográficas : Biblioteca Nacional/Hemeroteca Nacional