The editorial categories are research topics that have guided researchers during the recovery phase and continue to be the impetus behind the Documents Project’s digital archive and the Critical Documents book series. Developed by the project’s Editorial Board, each of the teams analyzed this framework and adapted it to their local contexts in developing their research objectives and work plans during the Recovery Phase. Learn more on the Editorial Framework page.
This article in the Excélsior newspaper reports on the visit Frances Flynn Paine, the American promoter of Mexican art, made to Mexico. She covered all the official institutions in the city in order to collect material for two shows on Mexican art in the United States—one that would publicize the “Mexican artists with the most significance and spirit” and another that would cover the “applied arts.” Paine visited the Universidad Nacional and the Escuela de Bellas Artes in order to carry out her research.
The increasing interest that the United States began to take in Mexican art during the second decade of the 20th century is well known. Various collectors and promoters came to Mexico from the U.S., Frances Flynn Paine among them. Her knowledge of Mexican art, derived from her previous stays in Mexico, made her the ideal intermediary between the Rockefeller Foundation and the Mexican authorities. The selection of works included in the article reveal Paine’s inclination toward avant-garde works—such as those of the Escuelas al Aire Libre [Open-Air Schools] and those by Fermín Revueltas (1901–1935) and Jean Charlot (1897–1979)—although the selection also fulfilled the United States’ demand for exotic and ingenuous works. In the eyes of its northern neighbor, however, Mexico seemed to guarantee art that was “far removed from the commercial trends.”