The editorial categories are research topics that have guided researchers during the recovery phase and continue to be the impetus behind the Documents Project’s digital archive and the Critical Documents book series. Developed by the project’s Editorial Board, each of the teams analyzed this framework and adapted it to their local contexts in developing their research objectives and work plans during the Recovery Phase. Learn more on the Editorial Framework page.
The inauguration of David Alfaro Siqueiros’ mural at the Hospital de La Raza [Hospital of the People] in Mexico City on March 18, 1955, mobilized the press and art critics of the era. The iconography explored by the artist and the physical characteristics of the base upon which he painted also did not go unnoticed. A good part of the national press coverage included various interviews with the painter. Some authors likewise published articles in which they offered their interpretations of the work, such as this one by Alberto Pulido Silva.
In this article, the author offers an interpretation of the mural’s iconography. He describes the location and the surface upon which David Alfaro Siqueiros (1896-1974) painted his work. He also lists the Implementing Team of young painters that collaborated with Siqueiros on the project. The significance of his interpretation is the parallel he establishes between painting and a cinematographic scene in three dimensions, highlighting the kinetic force that characterizes the images. He recognizes the interpretative force that Siqueiros captured in his painting of movement as well as how the mural’s iconography functioned as propaganda. Alberto Pulido does not use exactly the term “propaganda,” although he does affirm that painting possesses a greater oratorical power than political rallies.