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  • ICAA Record ID
    794626
    TITLE
    Exilios y descentramientos / Francisco Reyes Palma
    IN
    Hacia una nueva historia de México : La fabricación del arte nacional a debate (1920-1950), 251-272. -- Mexico City : Consejo Nacional para la Cultura y las Artes, 2002.
    DESCRIPTION
    p. 251-272
    LANGUAGES
    Spanish
    TYPE AND GENRE
    Book/pamphlet article – Essays
    BIBLIOGRAPHIC CITATION
    Reyes Palma, Francisco. "Exilios y descentramientos." In Hacia una nueva historia de México: La fabricación del arte nacional a debate (1920-1950), 251-272. Mexico City: Consejo Nacional para la Cultura y las Artes, 2002.
    TOPIC DESCRIPTORS
    GEOGRAPHIC DESCRIPTORS
Synopsis

The art historian Francisco Reyes Palma briefly describes the construction of an image of 1930s Mexico in accordance with the aesthetic/political strategy of Surrealism. He starts by talking about the relationships that arose among the painter Diego Rivera, the French poet and Surrealist leader, André Breton, and the Soviet exile, Leon Trotsky. The writer explains how the lucky combination of these three personages mobilized the will, mutual admiration and competition that ultimately fostered the Surrealist movement in Mexico. Throughout the text, Reyes Palma keeps explaining how Surrealism played out in Mexico, emphasizing that although it was based on aesthetics, political overtones put it always in motion.

Annotations

This text by the art researcher, Francisco Reyes Palma, makes reference to the manifesto ¡Por un arte revolucionario independiente! [For an independent revolutionary art!] written in tandem by André Breton (1896-1966) and Diego Rivera (1886-1957) along with Leon [Davidovich Bronstein] Trotsky (see doc. # 792914). Trotsky was the founding father of the FIARI [International Federation of Independent Revolutionary Art]. Breton and Rivera had the mission to be spokesmen for this federation, thus seeking to end the control exercised by Stalinist cultural fronts. Both men firmly believed that an authentically revolutionary power would not be able to direct or control artistic creation.

Researcher
Francisco Reyes Palma : CURARE A. C.
Team
CURARE, Espacio crítico para las artes, Mexico City, Mexico
Credit
Courtesy of Francisco Reyes Palma, Mexico City, Mexico
Location
Biblioteca Justino Fernández del Instituto de Investigaciones Estéticas, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México