Documents of 20th-century Latin American and Latino Art

www.mfah.org Home

IcaadocsArchive

Document first page thumbnail
  • ICAA Record ID
    787955
    AUTHOR
    Larrosa, Manuel
    TITLE
    Juan O´Gorman plantea el dilema arte utilidad / por Manuel Larrosa
    IN
    Revista mexicana de cultura : suplemento de El Nacional (México, D. F., México). -- Jul. 25, 1976.
    DESCRIPTION
    p. 1-2 : ill.
    LANGUAGES
    Spanish
    TYPE AND GENRE
    Newspaper article – Essays
    BIBLIOGRAPHIC CITATION
    Larrosa, Manuel. "Juan O´Gorman plantea el dilema arte utilidad." Revista mexicana de cultura: Suplemento de El Nacional (Mexico City), July 25, 1976.
    NAME DESCRIPTORS
Synopsis

Juan O’Gorman addresses the problem of architecture from the perspective of functionality versus aesthetics and concludes that the two opposites should be fused into one: “architecture should serve as a useful object and as an object of contemplation.” But, keeping in mind the high cost of construction, the architect proposes realistic plans for building new, functional schools. In O’Gorman’s opinion, schools should not aim to be works of art; their maintenance costs should be minimal; they should be sanitary, with good light, ventilation, warm showers and tree-shaded playgrounds; similar amounts should be spent on corridors and as a result, they would be inexpensive. In short, O’Gorman thought that engineering, and not architecture, was the key to a successful building. He submitted this idea to the Minister of Education, Narciso Bassols, who grasped the concept and set about putting it into effect. 

Annotations

Once they were built, the functionalist schools were plagued with problems. Subjective criticism condemned them for looking like shoe boxes or German architecture. In fact, the schools did have some specific problems, such as having too much light coming through skylights; open spaces had to be blocked against the searing heat; and asphalt floors prevented drainage and moisture collected in the walls.

Researcher
Alejandro García
Team
CURARE, Espacio crítico para las artes, Mexico City, Mexico
Credit

Location
Instituto de Investigaciones Bibliográficas : Biblioteca Nacional/Hemeroteca Nacional