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This article reports on the "judicial inspection" of Historia del teatro en México [History of the Theater in Mexico], the mural painted by David Alfaro Siqueiros in the foyer of the Jorge Negrete theater, which belonged to the Asociación Nacional de Actores (ANDA) [National Actors’ Association] in Mexico City. The authorities considered the mural—which had already a legal suit by the ANDA—to be "unvarnished propaganda in support of Demetrio Vallejo and other red agitators." The muralist, for his part, took space in the same newspaper to publish a statement in defense of "freedom of the artist."
Begun in 1958, the ANDA mural by David Alfaro Siqueiros (1896-1974) was for a decade covered up with wooden planks after this legal procedure. While Siqueiros was painting it, Mexico was in the throes of one of its most dramatic labor conflicts in decades: the railway workers’s strike led by the communist leader Demetrio Vallejo. The Adolfo López Mateos (1958-64) administration called in the army to break the strike and jail its leaders. The Siqueiros mural depicted the repression of the working classes. The painter finally finished his mural in 1968, which was restored in 1969.