The editorial categories are research topics that have guided researchers during the recovery phase and continue to be the impetus behind the Documents Project’s digital archive and the Critical Documents book series. Developed by the project’s Editorial Board, each of the teams analyzed this framework and adapted it to their local contexts in developing their research objectives and work plans during the Recovery Phase. Learn more on the Editorial Framework page.
In this article, Damián Bayón analyzes the work of Carlos Torrallardona. To do so, he focuses on the composition, iconography, lines and use of color among other elements, including the adequate (or inadequate) visual tension he observes within these works. This conclusion stands out among his observations: the best path for this artist’s development—“his most secure objective,” according to Bayón—would be the “path of a gradual and absolute becoming abstract [sic] of his painting.
Damián Carlos Bayón (1915–95) was an art critic, teacher and author of numerous books. He held a Ph.D in history and was a disciple of Jorge Romero Brest (1905-89); in 1948 he became one of the founders of the magazine Ver y estimar, for which Brest served as editor. The following year, Bayón moved to Paris and continued to collaborate on the magazine until 1955 (the final year of its publication). He then began working with theoretician Pierre Francastel. In the next two decades, he became professor in the University of Texas at Austin.Ver y estimar had two publication eras: the first encompassed its first thirty-four issues, published between 1948 and 1953; the second stage, between 1954 and 1955, consisted of ten issues. This publication was meant to be educational with regard to art criticism, for its readers and for the students of Romero Brest who collaborated on [the magazine.] Its articles dealt with artists, exhibitions and problems within the local milieu and international scene contexts, as well as with different historical periods. This article offers insight into the critical methodology that Bayón uses to analyze the work of a given artist, in this case the figurative Argentinean painter, Carlos Torrallardona (1913-86).