The editorial categories are research topics that have guided researchers during the recovery phase and continue to be the impetus behind the Documents Project’s digital archive and the Critical Documents book series. Developed by the project’s Editorial Board, each of the teams analyzed this framework and adapted it to their local contexts in developing their research objectives and work plans during the Recovery Phase. Learn more on the Editorial Framework page.
This article states the mission of the Junta de Cultura Española [Board of Spanish Culture] (relocated to Mexico), which was to guarantee the continued spiritual aspect of Spanish culture by supporting the work of Spanish intellectuals living in exile. The writers José Bergamín and Juan Larrea were among the directors of the Junta. This article summarizes their recollections of the original declaration that was published in the first issue of the magazine España Peregrina [Migrant Spain] in February 1940, in which they expressed their determination not to surrender to injustice and discussed their struggle to uphold their higher spiritual values. The declaration was an appeal for unity among those who had suffered as a result of the Spanish Civil War.
The Junta de Cultura Española was originally established in Paris in 1939; its goal was to salvage whatever it could of Spanish culture and to help Spanish artists and intellectuals resettle in countries that were willing to accept them. When France became engulfed in the Second World War, the Junta was obliged to move to Mexico. The presidents of the organization, José Bergamín (1895-1983), Juan Larrea (1895-1980), and José Carner [(1897-1970)] then set about the task of providing spiritual encouragement to those who had been forced to leave their university position, their studies, or their unfinished work in Spain. The group’s journal was called España Peregrina [Migrant Spain]. This magazine was published in Mexico, and was subsequently renamed Cuadernos Americanos [American Notebooks].