Documents of 20th-century Latin American and Latino Art

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Synopsis

This article reports on the liberation of the students at both Escuelas Nacionales de Bellas Artes [National Fine Arts Schools], the Prilidiano Pueyrredón and the Manuel Belgrano (Buenos Aires, Argentina). It points out that the judge ordered that the prisoners be set free. It also states that the day before a group of more than one hundred people gathered near the Federal Criminal Court, loudly demanding the release of the students. Four people were arrested. The article also reports there was an alarming story circulating regarding the arrests of two students in their homes: Jorge Palazzo and Rodolfo Aguerreberry. Although it confirmed that the latter was among those arrested, there was no information regarding Palazzo’s whereabouts.

Annotations

Beginning in 1876, the Sociedad Estímulo de Bellas Artes took on an educational and organizing role in the arts until, in 1905, a municipal decree transferred the responsibility for official arts education to the Academia Nacional de Bellas Artes. From that point on the institution continued its charge, although in 1927 its name changed to the Escuela de Artes Decorativas de la Nación and later, it became known as the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes Prilidiano Pueyrredón. Although during different historical moments the students had demanded the renewal of the syllabus, during the de facto government of Lieutenant General Alejandro Agustín Lanusse (1971-1973), the student struggle became radicalized, sparking actions that were strongly repressed by the authorities.

Crónica [Chronicle] is an Argentine newspaper founded on July 29, 1969, by Héctor Ricardo García; today it is still published on a daily basis.

Rodolfo Aguerreberry (1942-1997) was an artist and teacher who, together with Guillermo Kexel and Julio Flores, organized the action known as “El siluetazo” [The Silhouette Happening] —which consisted of chalk profiles on asphalt in memory of the missing ones—undertaken for the first time at the Plaza de Mayor, on the afternoon of September 21, 1983.

This document was selected because it bears witness to the actions of the students at the Escuelas Nacionales de Bellas Artes [National Fine Arts Schools], both the ENBAPP and the ENBAMB; the students were arrested while they were attending an assembly at the ENBAMB building; the document also records the demands that they be set free.

Researcher
Cristina Rossi
Team
Fundación Espigas, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Location
Archivo Juan Carlos Romero.