Documents of 20th-century Latin American and Latino Art

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Synopsis

The article reports on the public demonstration of the families and close friends of the students at the Escuelas Nacionales de Artes [Fine Arts Schools]—both the Prilidiano Pueyrredón and the Manuel Belgrano (Buenos Aires, Argentina)—who at that moment were being detained. The protesters justified their condemnation based on the fact that the day the students had been arrested, they were attending an open door assembly at the ENBAMB building; consequently their meeting could not be considered usurpation, despite the charges. The article likewise reports the concern provoked by the news of the raids conducted on the homes of Rodolfo Aguerreberry and Jorge Palazzo, especially in Palazzo’s case because his whereabouts at the time remained unknown.

Annotations

Beginning in 1876, the Sociedad Estímulo de Bellas Artes took on an educational and organizing role in the arts until, in 1905, a municipal decree transferred the responsibility for official arts education to the Academia Nacional de Bellas Artes. From that point onward the institution continued its charge, although in 1927 its name changed to the Escuela de Artes Decorativas de la Nación and later, it became known as the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes Prilidiano Pueyrredón. Although during different historical moments the students have demanded the renewal of the syllabus, during the de facto government of the Lieutenant General Alejandro Agustín Lanusse (1971-73), the student struggle became radicalized, sparking actions that were strongly repressed by the military authorities.

Clarín [The Bugle] is a daily newspaper founded by Roberto Noble on August 28, 1945, in Argentina; it was characterized by its developmental-ist stance.

Rodolfo Aguerreberry (1942-1997) was an artist and teacher who, together with Guillermo Kexel and Julio Flores, organized the action known as “El siluetazo” [The Silhouette Happening] —which consisted of chalk profiles on asphalt in memory of the missing ones—undertaken for the first time at the Plaza de Mayor, on the afternoon of September 21, 1983.

This document was selected because it bears witness to the repressive measures taken by the governmental authorities against the student protests at the Escuelas Nacionales de Bellas Artes, both the Prilidiano Pueyrredón and the Manuel Belgrano; especially in relation to the public demonstration of alarm expressed by the students’ families. 

Researcher
Cristina Rossi
Team
Fundación Espigas, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Location
Archivo Juan Carlos Romero.