Documents of 20th-century Latin American and Latino Art

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Synopsis

This text reports that the students at the Bellas Artes schools, both the Prilidiano Pueyrredón and the Manuel Belgrano (Buenos Aires, Argentina), were detained and accused of usurpation; they had been meeting to guarantee the continuance of the school year when they were arrested. The text likewise states that the day before police forces had detained a student at the ENBAPP, identified as Rodolfo Aguerreberry, at his home and had taken him to the prison at Precinct 17, where he was held incommunicado. Despite what had occurred, the students stressed they would continue their struggle by appealing to all the artists, teachers and the rest of the student body in order to “arrancar” [pull] their colleagues out of jail.

Annotations

Beginning in 1876, the Sociedad Estímulo de Bellas Artes took on an educational and organizing role in the arts until, in 1905, a municipal decree transferred the responsibility for official arts education to the Academia Nacional de Bellas Artes. From that point onward the institution continued its charge, although in 1927 its name changed to the Escuela de Artes Decorativas de la Nación and later, it became known as the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes Prilidiano Pueyrredón. Although during different historical moments the students had demanded the renewal of the syllabus, during the de facto government of Lieutenant General Alejandro Agustín Lanusse (1971-73), the student struggle became radicalized, sparking actions that were strongly repressed by the military authorities.

Rodolfo Aguerreberry (1942-97) was an artist and teacher who, together with Guillermo Kexel and Julio Flores, organized the action known as “El siluetazo” [The Silhouette Happening] —which consisted of chalk profiles on asphalt in memory of the missing ones—undertaken for the first time at the Plaza de Mayor, on the afternoon of September 21, 1983.

This document was selected because it bears witness to the actions of the student protests — especially in relation to their resistance against the repression and measures taken by the governmental authorities.

Researcher
Cristina Rossi
Team
Fundación Espigas, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Location
Archivo Juan Carlos Romero.