Documents of 20th-century Latin American and Latino Art

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Synopsis

This article reports on the judicial proceedings against the detained students, all of whom were affiliated with both Escuelas Nacionales de Bellas Artes [National Fine Arts Schools], the Prilidiano Pueyrredón and the Manuel Belgrano (Buenos Aires, Argentina); they had been arrested while attending an assembly within the Manuel Belgrano building. The text emphasizes the alarm of the families that [the students] had been referred to the Cámara Federal en lo Penal [The Federal Criminal Court], which had jurisdiction over cases of extremist activity. It also states that the students condemned the police action, re-affirming their determination to fight against indiscriminate repression and insisting that their demands would not desist until they had obtained the results they desired.

Annotations

Beginning in 1876, the Sociedad Estímulo de Bellas Artes took on an educational and organizing role in the arts until, in 1905, a municipal decree transferred the responsibility for official arts education to the Academia Nacional de Bellas Artes. From that point onward the institution continued its charge, although in 1927 its name changed to the Escuela de Artes Decorativas de la Nación and later, it became known as the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes Prilidiano Pueyrredón. Although during different historical moments the students had demanded the renewal of the syllabus, during the de facto government of Lieutenant General Alejandro Agustín Lanusse (1971-73), the student struggle became radicalized, sparking actions that were strongly repressed by the military authorities.

Crónica [Chronicle] is an Argentine newspaper founded on July 29, 1969, by Héctor Ricardo García; today it is still published on a daily basis.

This document was selected because it bears witness to the repressive measures that the government authorities took against student movements of the Escuelas Nacionales de Bellas Artes [National Schools for Fine Arts], both the Prilidiano Pueyrredón and the Manuel Belgrano, especially in relation to the decision pronounced by the judge, as well as the alarm of the students’ families and the repudiation of the rest of the student body.

Researcher
Cristina Rossi.
Team
Fundación Espigas, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Location
Archivo Juan Carlos Romero.