Documents of 20th-century Latin American and Latino Art

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Synopsis

The article reports the arrest of 139 students from the two arts education centers, the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes Prilidiano Pueyrredón [Prilidiano Pueyrredón National School of Fine Arts] and its counterpart, Manuel Belgrano, both in Buenos Aires, Argentina. The students were found holding a joint meeting in a building on the Manuel Belgrano campus. It was also reported that the police were heavily armed and accompanied by the National Guard; in addition, they had tanks, patrol cars and other vehicles. The students detained were said to be held incommunicado under the charge of usurpation, an offense that could carry a prison sentence of up to two years. The article also notes the demands of the parents, who conducted their own protest at the police precinct.

Annotations

Starting in 1876, the Sociedad Estímulo de Bellas Artes [Association to Foster the Fine Arts] provided arts education and events for the people of Buenos Aires. In 1905, a municipal decree transferred the official responsibility for arts education to the Academia Nacional de Bellas Artes [National Academy of Fine Arts]. From then on, the Academy continued that work, though in 1927, its name was changed to the Escuela de Artes Decorativas de la Nación [National School of Decorative Arts]. Still later, it came to be known as the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes Prilidiano Pueyrredón. At different times in Argentine history, students have called for reform of the syllabus. But under the de facto government of Lieutenant General Alejandro Agustín Lanusse (1971-1973), student protests took a radical turn, leading to actions that were fiercely put down by the military authorities. 

Crónica is an Argentine newspaper founded on July 29, 1969, by Héctor Ricardo García; it is currently a morning daily newspaper.

This document was selected as evidence of the measures taken by the authorities to put down the student protests at the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes Prilidiano Pueyrredón and the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes Manuel Belgrano, as well as the concern expressed by their families.

Researcher
Cristina Rossi.
Team
Fundación Espigas, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Location
Archivo Juan Carlos Romero.