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Synopsis

Gilberto Freyre, the sociologist from Pernambuco, discusses the I Congresso Afro-Brasileiro, held in Recife in 1934. Freyre briefly refers to comments and discussions concerning the viability of the meeting and the informality of the event, among other matters. During the course of the conference there was an exhibition of visual art that included works by the painters Lasar Segall, Candido Portinari, Emiliano Di Cavalcanti, the Santa Rosa group from São Paulo, headed by Alfredo Volpi and Francisco Rebolo, in addition to the “grupo do Recife” represented by Cícero Dias, Luis Jardim, and the poet Manuel Bandeira. Freyre reports that the drawings submitted by Cícero Dias disappeared at some point during the event. 

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Synopsis

Balanço feito pelo sociólogo Gilberto Freyre do I Congresso Afro-brasileiro no Recife, em 1934, com referências breves às comunicações e comentários sobre as dificuldades na viabilização do encontro, a informalidade do evento etc. Durante o Congresso, houve exposição de artes plásticas em que foram apresentados trabalhos de Lasar Segall, Candido Portinari, Emiliano Di Cavalcanti, Santa Rosa e o "grupo do Recife", formado por Cícero Dias, Luis Jardim e Manuel Bandeira - o texto de Freyre registra o desaparecimento dos desenhos de Cícero Dias.

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Annotations

The sociologist, anthropologist, historian, writer, and journalist Gilberto [de Mello] Freyre (1900–87) presented this review at the I Congresso Afro-Brasileiro (Recife, 1934). Eight years earlier, Freyre had organized the Primeiro Congresso Regionalista do Nordeste—see manifesto in [doc. no. 1074787]—where he championed certain aspects of the culture and customs of his native region (in northeastern Brazil), and condemned the “cosmopolitan evil” and “false modernism” being promoted by the foreign novelties that so entranced the power centers of the country: São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro. In this case, the undeniable existence of a white hegemony in Brazil prompted Freyre to highlight the importance of the black population and culture as an integral facet of the Brazilian character. The impact of this African-Brazilian conference was undoubtedly on a par with the Semana de Arte Moderna held in São Paulo in 1922, in terms of its consolidating effect on the modernist movement in Pernambuco.  

 

Freyre organized the I Congresso Afro-Brasileiro in his native city in 1934, a year after the publication of his important sociological book that examined the colonial mindset of Brazil: Casa Grande Senzala: formação da família brasileira sob o regime de economia patriarcal (1933), the first edition of which was illustrated by his intellectual friend, the artist Cícero Dias, who also designed and illustrated the poster for the 1934 conference.

 

Freyre sought to illustrate the ideas proposed in his “Regionalist Manifesto” (1926) with works by his compatriot, Cícero Dias (1907–2003), who was also from Pernambuco, and who some years later, left Brazil and settled in France. Freyre establishes the connection with “O regional e o universal na pintura de Cícero Dias” in [doc. no. 1075269].

 

There was a “2º Congresso Afro-Brasileiro” (Salvador, Bahia, 1937). For additional information, see the document by the same name by Edison Carneiro and Aydano do Conto Ferraz among the works that were presented during the event (Rio de Janeiro: Civilização Brasileira, 1940).

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Annotations

O primeiro Congresso Afro-Brasileiro foi organizado por Gilberto Freyre, no Recife, em 1934, um ano depois da publicação de um dos livros que renovaria os estudos sociais no Brasil, "Casa Grande Senzala: formação da família brasileira sob o regime de economia patriarcal", cuja primeira edição é ilustrada pelo artista Cícero Dias.

 

Ver também:

Cartaz do Congresso Afro Brasileiro com desenhos de Cícero Dias
Gilberto Freyre. "Casa grande & senzala: formação da família brasileira sob o regime de economia patriarcal"

CARNEIRO, Edson & FERRAZ, Aydano do Conto. Congresso afro-brasileiro da Bahia. In: Vários autores. O negro no Brasil. Trabalhos apresentados ao 2º Congresso afro-brasileiro, Bahia 11 a 20 de janeiro de 1937. Rio de Janeiro: Civilização Brasileira, 1940.

 

d1- Textos históricos sobre cultura afro-brasileira

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Researcher
Equipe Brasil: José Augusto Ribeiro
Team
FAPESP, Sao Paulo, Brazil
Credit
Cortesia da Fundação Gilberto Freyre, Pernambuco, Brazil
Location
Biblioteca do Instituto de Estudos Brasileiros - USP