O catálogo foi publicado anteriomente, como folheto:
ANDRADE, M. Catálogo da exposição promovida pelo Ministério da Educação. Rio de Janeiro: Museu Nacional de Belas Artes, 1943.
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The exhibition of works by the painter Lasar Segall at the Museu Nacional de Belas Artes in Rio de Janeiro (1943), under the auspices of the recently-opened Ministério da Educação e Saúde, was the largest show the Lithuanian-born artist had ever had in Brazil until that time, featuring 260 works. In the exhibition catalogue, Mário de Andrade outlines a “visual art biography” of the artist’s career, beginning with his apprenticeship in Expressionist circles in Germany, then moving on to his “Brazilian adventure,” and finally discussing his large canvases, such as the famous Navio de emigrantes that de Andrade describes as “the most surprising, bold, and grandiose work” that Segall ever produced. Over and above the superlatives, the reviewer calls the painting a “work of synthesis,” the high point of an artistic life spent in search of originality.
A exposição de Lasar Segall no Museu Nacional de Belas Artes, em 1943, por iniciativa do Ministério da Educação, representa a mais importante mostra do artista realizada até então, com 260 trabalhos. No catálogo, Mário de Andrade faz uma "biografia plástica" desta trajetória em curso, desde os ensinamentos expressionistas adquiridos, passando pela "aventura brasileira", até chegar às amplas dimensões físicas (230 x 275 cm) da tela "Navio de emigrantes" (1941-1943), considerada pelo autor a "mais surpreendente, audaz e grandiosa das criações" de Segall. Afora os superlativos, esta pintura é analisada aqui como "obra de condensação", o ponto em que culmina toda a experiência pictórica acumulada pelo artista na busca por singularidade.
In this essay, the writer and polymath Mário de Andrade (1893–1945) discusses the works that, in his opinion, best represent the artistic career of Lasar Segall. Among them was Eternos caminhantes (1918), one of the ten works by the Lithuanian-born (nationalized Brazilian) painter that were shown at the exhibition organized in Nazi Germany to discredit modern art, which was at that time considered “degenerate art” (Munich 1937). This canvas is from the artist’s “Brazilian phase,” and was painted between 1912, when Segall first visited Brazil and 1923, when he finally settled there.
Abílio Miller, on the other hand, offers what was perhaps the first critique of Segall’s work in “Um pintor das almas” [doc. no.1084988] during an exhibition held in São Paulo in 1913. The magazine Novíssima subsequently published (1923) an anonymous article about Segall’s second trip to Brazil and his aesthetic [doc. no. 781161]. In 1945, the Revista Acadêmica published an 82-page issue as a tribute in “número de homenagem a Lasar Segall” [doc. no. 1110322].
Lasar Segall (1891–1957) was born in Vilnius, Lithuania, where his family was part of the Jewish community. He enrolled in the School of Applied Arts in Berlin and, in the early years of the century, spent time at the Academy of Fine Arts. In 1912 he travelled to Brazil, where his brothers were already living. The Centro de Ciências e Artes de Campinas (SP) bought one of his paintings: Cabeça de menina russa (1908). He returned to Europe during the First World War. Joining forces with a group of German painters (such as Otto Dix) he co-founded the Dresdner Sezession – Gruppe 1919. After an exhibition of Russian art in Hanover in 1921 he established a relationship with Kandinsky. In 1923 he returned to Brazil. He painted a mural at the Pavilhão de Arte Moderna, a meeting place for artists and intellectuals at the home of the great promoter of the Semana de Arte Moderna of 1922, Mrs. Olivia Guedes Penteado. The mural was reviewed by Mário de Andrade, who identified his “Brazilian phase” (1924–28). Segall took part in SPAM’s Primeira Exposição de Arte Moderno and the Spamolândia project in 1934. Three of his paintings and seven prints were featured in the Entartete Kunst Ausstellungsführer [Exhibition of Degenerate Art] organized by the Nazis in 1937 to discredit modern art. In the 1940s he traveled, painted stage sets, and illustrated books and magazines. His major work, Navio de emigrantes (1939–41), was highly praised by George Grosz.
As regards the Spamolândia project that was promoted by the Sociedade Pró-Arte Moderna de São Paulo (1934), see [doc. no. 771325]. For more information on the founding of the SPAM group, whose statutes were introduced by the writer Mário de Andrade, see [doc. no 783393].
Mário de Andrade concentra-se, neste ensaio, em obras que considera capazes de pontuar uma reconstituição do percurso artístico de Lasar Segall. Entre elas, "Eternos caminhantes" (1918), uma das 10 pinturas de Lasar Segall que integraram a Exposição de Arte Degenerada, organizada pelos nazistas na cidade alemã de Munique, em 1937. A tela pertence à fase do artista que compreende o período entre sua primeira visita ao Brasil, em 1913, e sua vinda definitiva, em 1923.
b- Emergência expressionista
j- A artistas imigrados e agrupamentos