The editorial categories are research topics that have guided researchers during the recovery phase and continue to be the impetus behind the Documents Project’s digital archive and the Critical Documents book series. Developed by the project’s Editorial Board, each of the teams analyzed this framework and adapted it to their local contexts in developing their research objectives and work plans during the Recovery Phase. Learn more on the Editorial Framework page.
This document, submitted to a public competition in 1920, includes the mock-up and the report written by the sculptor Victor Brecheret for his “Monumento às Bandeiras” [Monument to the “Banner” Expeditions”] project. “Bandeiras” were armed expeditions that from the late sixteenth to the early eighteenth centuries set out to explore the unknown interior of the country—usually from their base in the Captaincy of São Vicente and later from São Paulo—to capture and enslave native people or to find mines. In this document, Brecheret describes the “Bandeirantes” [Followers of the Banner] as “Titans of the Earth.” He also explains his decision to create a sculpture that portrays a group of people, saying that the “Bandeirantes’” explorations were an integral part of the “genius of the nascent nationality.” In the case of his project, this nationality is symbolized by the racial diversity of different people in one single sculpture that projects a sense of cohesion.
Memorial e reprodução da maquete de Victor Brecheret referentes ao projeto do "Monumento às Bandeiras", apresentado para concurso público em 1920.No texto, Victor Brecheret define os Bandeirantes como os "titãs da terra" e justifica a composição da escultura pública em bloco por enxergar o "desbravamento" bandeirante como um "gênio da nacionalidade nascente" (nacionalidade esta simbolizada na sequência de representantes de diferentes povos num só corpo, coeso e projetivo).
The article about the project by the Italian-Brazilian sculptor Victor Brecheret (1894–1955) was published in Papel e tinta, the magazine that was founded by the poets Oswald de Andrade and Menotti del Picchia in the city of São Paulo. The magazine was published just five times during 1920.
The “Monumento às Bandeiras” [Monument to the “Banner” Expeditions”] is located at the entrance to the Parque de Ibirapuera in São Paulo. It was inaugurated over a decade after this article was published, and construction began in 1936. Due to myriad political problems, the project was not completed until 1954, during the festivities organized to celebrate the fourth centenary of the founding of the city.
A revista "Papel e tinta", fundada por Oswald de Andrade e Menotti del Picchia, em São Paulo, circulou cinco edições em 1920.O monumento é inaugurado somente mais de uma década depois desta publicação.
b- Busca, construção e expressão de aspectos locais