The editorial categories are research topics that have guided researchers during the recovery phase and continue to be the impetus behind the Documents Project’s digital archive and the Critical Documents book series. Developed by the project’s Editorial Board, each of the teams analyzed this framework and adapted it to their local contexts in developing their research objectives and work plans during the Recovery Phase. Learn more on the Editorial Framework page.
This is the text of the manifesto published by the Grupo Verde, a group from the small town of Cataguazes, in the region of Minas Gerais. It was originally printed on green paper, like a newsletter about the work of the members: Verde: revista mensal de arte e cultura [Green: An Art and Culture Monthly Magazine] (Cataguazes, 1927–29). The document is signed by Henrique (Vieira de) Rezende, the editor-in-chief, Rosário Fusco and (Antônio) Martins Mendes, the editors, and Ascânio Lopes (Quatorzevoltas), Guilhermino César, Christóphoro Fonte-Boa, Oswaldo Abritta, Camilo Soares (de Figueiredo Junior), and Francisco Inácio Peixoto. The last two mentioned were among the magazine’s employees. These signatories are objectivists, all adamantly disinterested in the critics’ opinions: “Explanation...? All you have to do is put your hand on your head, think, compare, and agree.” They also mention their intention to show that, in Brazil “The provincial population (...) wants to share with the elite.” Toward the end of the text there are seven paragraphs that summarize the group’s priorities: independent work; a different approach to other Brazilian and foreign modernists; “orphans of spiritual parents;” objectivism; a disassociation from the “styles” used in other places; a disdain for the literary life; and so on.
Manifesto do Grupo Verde, de Cataguazes, Minas Gerais, que circulou impresso em papel verde, como boletim encartado na revista literária dos signatários, a "Verde" (Cataguazes, 1927-1928).O grupo, formado anos antes no jornal "Jazz Band", se declara independente, heterogêneo, sem influência direta de poetas estrangeiros e orfão de "pais espirituais". Os signatários são objetivistas, e afirmam de forma categórica: "Explicação? Basta colocar a mão na cabeça, pensar, comparar e concordar". O texto menciona a intenção de mostrar que o "povo interior (...) quer competir com o pessoal lá de cima" . Traz, ao final, o resumo dos sete itens que balizam a atuação do grupo: trabalho independente; distinção dos demais modernistas brasileiros e estrangeiros; o objetivismo; a falta de ligação com "estilos" de outras rodas; desprezo à crítica literária; daí em diante.
Verde: revista mensal de arte e cultura [Green: An Art and Culture Monthly Magazine] reported on aspects of regional modernism such as its exploration, development, and expression. It was unique among magazines devoted to Brazilian modernism. Published in the provincial area of Minas Gerais (Cataguazes), the magazine was a success at a time when there was a dearth of regional publications.
The Grupo Verde’s manifesto, which took the form of its magazine Verde: revista mensal de arte e cultura, expressed its commitment to the culture of provincial Brazil—as distinct from what was happening in the large cities—because all the articles were contributed by writers from Minas Gerais. Subsequent issues carried contributions from all over the country and even from Latin America. The publication was considered a huge success and a triumph for the provincial interior of the country.
Among the first to sign their names in Verde were the authors of the manifesto, the Brazilian modernist intellectuals Henrique (Vieira de) Rezende (1899–1973), Rosário Fusco (1910–77), (Antônio) Martins Mendes, Ascânio Lopes (Quatorzevoltas) (1906–29), Guilhermino César (1908–93), Christóphoro Fonte-Boa (1906–93), Oswaldo Abritta, Camilo Soares (de Figueiredo Junior) (1909–82), and Francisco Inácio Peixoto (1909–86). One of the achievements they all had in common was that they had written poems or articles in the Minas Gerais newspapers (such as O Cataguazes) and in other newspapers published in the state. Many of the other contributors were distinguished exponents of Brazilian modernist literature, such as Mário de Andrade (1893–1945), Carlos Drummond de Andrade (1902–87), Aníbal Machado (1894–1964), Antônio de Alcântara Machado (1901–35), Sérgio Milliet (1898–1966), Ribeiro Couto (1898–1963), Prudente de Morais Neto (1904–77), João Alphonsus (1901–44), Godofredo Rangel (1884–1951), and Marques Rebelo (1907–73), among many others. The Grupo Verde also enjoyed a close relationship with one of the pioneers of Brazilian cinema, Humberto Mauro (1897–1983), who was living in Cataguazes at that time.
A total of six issues of Verde were published between September 1927 and May 1929. The magazine had financial difficulties, and the sudden death of one of its contributors—Ascânio Lopes Quatorzevoltas, at 22 years of age, to whom one of the issues was dedicated—led to the closing of this remarkable provincial publishing effort.
Ver também: Revista Verde
b- Busca, construção e expressão de aspectos locais
b- Experiencia regional e renovação artística
b- Revistas modernistas e divulgação da arte moderna