The editorial categories are research topics that have guided researchers during the recovery phase and continue to be the impetus behind the Documents Project’s digital archive and the Critical Documents book series. Developed by the project’s Editorial Board, each of the teams analyzed this framework and adapted it to their local contexts in developing their research objectives and work plans during the Recovery Phase. Learn more on the Editorial Framework page.
In early 1929, García Moroto left Spain for New York, and later embarked for Cuba. Once in Cuba, he gave a lecture at the Spanish Embassy in Havana on November 6, 1929, on the occasion of the fifth exhibition of Cuba’s Escuelas de Acción Artística [Schools for Artistic Action], which he had founded and directed. In his opinion, the results of both “drawings and paintings that adorn the walls surrounding us with lyrical grace” allowed Spain, Cuba, and Mexico to enjoy “the ardent delights offered by the sensibilities of the tropics,” where children (the salvation of man, given that they possess “the grace and freshness that life slowly steals from us”) play simply with nature. For this reason it is important to add “the expressive vigor” of the work of the Escuelas de Pintura al Aire Libre [Open-Air Painting Schools] in Mexico and attain “that conquest for the world of art that the Mexican Revolution achieved.”
This article reveals how important it was for the writer Gabriel García Maroto (1889–1969), who belonged to the Generation of ’27, to visit Mexico. His purpose was to join the Escuelas de Acción Artística, though more as a teacher than as a painter. It is important to note that by 1929, this artistic proposal was already on the wane and even though Salvador Novo wrote a praise-filled introduction for an exhibition catalog, it was by now considered an anachronistic proposal. Following his travels to Cuba, with the experience he gained at the open-air schools and with his pro-child stance, in 1932 Maroto founded—with the support of future president Lázaro Cárdenas (1934–40)—schools of artistic action for the children of the state of Michoacán. After definitively settling in Mexico, he promoted various kinds of art education projects for children with hearing problems, an interest that emerged because his own two children were deaf-mute.