The editorial categories are research topics that have guided researchers during the recovery phase and continue to be the impetus behind the Documents Project’s digital archive and the Critical Documents book series. Developed by the project’s Editorial Board, each of the teams analyzed this framework and adapted it to their local contexts in developing their research objectives and work plans during the Recovery Phase. Learn more on the Editorial Framework page.
This article contains concise reports on Mexican history regarding the intellectual ideas that brought about the principle episodes of Mexico’s independent era. After a quick summary of the imposition of Catholicism on the indigenous peoples, it states that the Independence of 1810 was based on “universal intellectual thought.” By contrast, the Reform was the “work of the Mexican intelligentsia.” In the case of the Revolution, which occupies the majority of this document, the author insists again and again that it lacked any ideology. It “had no other choice but to assimilate the liberal agenda, although with certain modifications. . . . The ideas of the Mexican ‘intelligentsia’ were useless.” In this way, the article states: “the door to lies was once again opened.”
The texts which museologist Fernanda Gamboa (1908-90) appears to have used to create his guide to the 1958 Brussels exhibition possess a markedly romantic bent —especially with regard to the 1910 Revolution: “a social movement that was born from the depth of the people’s bleeding hearts and that became a painful drama but also a creative [force].” The tone is mystical as well: “it erupts into history like a revelation of our being.” In this way, the document endorses the participation of the masses in the formation of the current Mexican nation that, in Gamboa’s judgment, is the inheritor of “this outbreak of reality.” The insistence on the “search for ourselves” and other similar ideas, recall Octavio Paz and his widespread book Laberinto de la soledad [Labyrinth of Solitude] (1950).