Documents of 20th-century Latin American and Latino Art

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  • ICAA Record ID
    780061
    TITLE
    Exposición Universal e Internacional de Bruselas 1958, México, D. F., ca. 1958 / Fernando Gamboa
    DESCRIPTION
    6 h.
    LANGUAGES
    Spanish
    TYPE AND GENRE
    Typed sheet – Guión museográfico
    BIBLIOGRAPHIC CITATION
    Gamboa, Fernando. "Exposición Universal e Internacional de Bruselas 1958," 1958. TMs. Promotora Cultural Fernando Gamboa, Mexico City.
    TOPIC DESCRIPTORS
    artists; exhibitions (events); Mexican; scripts (documents)
    GEOGRAPHIC DESCRIPTORS
Editorial Categories [?]
Synopsis

This document is a “summary of the planning, organization and installation” contained in Fernando Gamboa’s curatorial script. It lists the pre-Hispanic, colonial, contemporary, and folk art works that were exhibited in the show’s different sections. The “visual arts syntheses” which represented each of the eight sections are also described, as are the esplanade, main hall, and exterior garden spaces. It includes concrete information (which would later be reproduced on posters) concerning the country’s potential: “in one generation, the [Mexican] capital will become the fourth city of the American continent,” “the control of our economic future” based on the 1938 oil expropriation, the 70 percent rise in production between 1945 and 1957, and so on.

Annotations

This is the final curatorial plan, the one that would be implemented in Brussels. Its greatest significance can be found in the artworks that would be exhibited, given that the most important of these had great visual impact: the Atlante of Tula, the Jaguar made of basalt, a Chac Mol statue, reproductions of three Mayan masks from Bonampak, the baroque altar at Tepotzotlán, and so on. These displays of “indigenous genius” were echoed in the contemporary Mexican School—represented by the paintings of José Clemente Orozco (1883–1949), Diego Rivera (1886–1957), David Alfaro Siqueiros (1896–1974), and Rufino Tamayo (1899–1991)—that, “[manifested] a preoccupation with monumental and public art, just as in the past.” In this manner, Gamboa reconstructed the old nationalist discourse in which the indigenous community was represented as if it were the origin and the core of the present-day State. The panels, sculptures, and murals created by the artists of the movement’s second generation (Leopoldo Méndez, Francisco Zúñiga, Feliciano Peña, Federico Canessi, José Chávez Moraldo, and others) reinforced this idea of continuity. In general, with regard to “the History” of Mexico, the exhibition only contemplates the Conquest of 1521, the Independence of 1810, the Juarez Reformation of 1857, and the Revolution of 1910.

Researcher
Diana Briuolo : CURARE A. C.
Team
CURARE, Espacio crítico para las artes, Mexico City, Mexico
Credit
Courtesy of the Archives of Promotora Cultural Fernando Gamboa, A. C, Mexico City, Mexico
Location
Promotora Cultural Fernando Gamboa