The editorial categories are research topics that have guided researchers during the recovery phase and continue to be the impetus behind the Documents Project’s digital archive and the Critical Documents book series. Developed by the project’s Editorial Board, each of the teams analyzed this framework and adapted it to their local contexts in developing their research objectives and work plans during the Recovery Phase. Learn more on the Editorial Framework page.
This is the first interview granted by André Breton after he arrived in Mexico City. In the article, the French poet “provides a clear, insightful review of conditions in French literature and painting, the position taken by French intellectuals vis-à-vis the advance of fascism in Europe, and the reasons for the fall of the government of the Popular Front.” The French writer describes the overall perspective as “a disaster,” but believes it can be reversed through a return to principles: class struggle and proletarian internationalism, strategies for defeating fascism, and transformation of the imperialist war into civil war. The article includes a photograph of César Moro, Guadalupe Marín, Diego Rivera, André Breton, and Ortega, the interviewer.
This Mexican interview is relevant because it provides insight into the political and cultural situation in France in the late 1940s. It should be noted that, by then, André Breton (1896–1966) was seen not only as a leader of the literary avant-garde, but also as a militant Trotskyist. This was clear from his critique of Comunne, the magazine for Stalinist intellectuals, and by his aesthetic embrace of socialist realism following the second Intellectuals’ Congress in the Soviet Union. Breton indicates the failure of that trend and the attempt to hide it under the term “magical realism,” a model that would enjoy great critical acclaim in the field of Latin American letters some decades later.