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This article primarily focuses on the activities of the Centro Escolar Revolución [Revolutionary Educational Center], which was emblematically inaugurated on November 20, 1934, by President Abelardo L. Rodríguez. The article highlights the transformation of the Arcos de Belén prison into an academic institution and the modernity of its facilities. Mention is also made of the future purposes and obligations of the students who will attend this school, in operations under the premises of socialist education.
In 1934 and within the context of the presidential conflict between Plutarco Elías Calles (1924-28; and 1928-34, indirectly) and Lázaro Cárdenas (1934–40), the educational guidelines set for these schools were based on the concept of the intelligent, healthy, athletic child. The political-pedagogical program led by Narciso Bassols, the Minister of Public Education, sought a modern, scientific, and technologically oriented education. In this case, the Centro Escolar Revolución, one of the axes of the urbanization program undertaken during the maximato [the period that came after Elías Calles’ end of administration], served as an experimental space beyond socialist paradigms. As additional information, this ambitious architectural and educational project included a gym, workshops, an athletic track, pools, and libraries. Raúl Anguiano and Aurora Reyes, among others, were commissioned for the school’s murals, which were painted between 1936 and 1937.