Documents of 20th-century Latin American and Latino Art

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Synopsis

This article reports on the student demands at the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes Prilidiano Pueyrredón [National School of Fine Arts] in Buenos Aires, Argentina. It also discusses the dismissal of twelve professors and the recognition of the Consejo Estudiantil-Docente [Student-Teacher Council] as the only link between the faculty and the student body. During an assembly, a communique was received from the administrator demanding the immediate evacuation of the building, which the students interpreted as a profound change in policy, especially since an agreement had already been reached to allow a pilot program, Taller Total [Interdisciplinary Workshop], to operate until the end of the school year.

Annotations

In 1876 the Sociedad Estímulo de Bellas Artes [Society for the Promotion of the Fine Arts] assumed responsibility for the organization and education of the arts. This arrangement survived until 1905 when, by municipal decree, the Academia Nacional de Bellas Artes [National Academy of Fine Arts] became the official agency charged with art education. That institution has remained thus engaged since, although in 1927, its name changed to Escuela de Artes Decorativas de la Nación [National School of Decorative Arts], and later became the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes Prilidiano Pueyrredón [National School of Fine Arts]. Although students had demanded changes in the syllabus, under the de facto government of Lieutenant General Alejandro Agustín Lanusse (1971–73), student unrest came to a head, provoking severely repressive measures from the authorities. 

La Opinión, the Argentine newspaper founded by Jacobo Timerman in 1971, was critical of the government and its actions. In 1977 it was closed and expropriated by the de facto regime of Lieutenant General Jorge Rafael Videla (1976–81). In turn, Hugo Monzón was an Argentine art critic; he was also the director of the Museo de Artes Plásticas [Museum of Visual Arts] Eduardo Sívori, and was in charge of the Visual Arts Section of La Opinión.

Talleres Totales [Interdisciplinary Workshops] was the name given to the group pedagogical experience introduced at the School of Architecture in Cordoba, Argentina. It was a joint teacher-student project that promoted the concept of self-criticism expressed through study groups.

This document has been chosen because it records the activities of the student movement under Lanusse’s illegitimate government, and provides details of the student group’s negotiations with the Ministerio de Educación y Cultura.

Researcher
Cristina Rossi
Team
Fundación Espigas, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Credit
Courtesy of the personal archives of Hugo E. Monzón, Buenos Aires, R. Argentina
Location
Instituto de Historia Argentina y Americana "Dr. Emilio Ravignani".