The editorial categories are research topics that have guided researchers during the recovery phase and continue to be the impetus behind the Documents Project’s digital archive and the Critical Documents book series. Developed by the project’s Editorial Board, each of the teams analyzed this framework and adapted it to their local contexts in developing their research objectives and work plans during the Recovery Phase. Learn more on the Editorial Framework page.
This news article details student demands submitted to the faculty at the Escuela de Bellas Artes [School of Fine Arts] in Buenos Aires, Argentina, and the resignation of the chancellor, Mr. Jorge Lezama—the event that triggered the student protest. According to this source, the students saw the resignation as a “demagogic maneuver” since Lezama submitted his resignation fully expecting that it would not be accepted.
In 1876 the Sociedad Estímulo de Bellas Artes [Society for the Promotion of the Fine Arts] assumed responsibility for the organization and education of the arts. This arrangement survived until 1905 when, by municipal decree, the Academia Nacional de Bellas Artes [National Academy of Fine Arts] became the official agency charged with art education. That institution has remained thus engaged since, although in 1927 its name changed to Escuela de Artes Decorativas de la Nación [National School of Decorative Arts], and later became the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes Prilidiano Pueyrredón [National School of Fine Arts]. Although students had demanded changes in the syllabus, under the de facto government of Lieutenant General Alejandro Agustín Lanusse (1971–73), student unrest came to a head, provoking severely repressive measures from the authorities. La Opinión, the Argentine newspaper founded by Jacobo Timerman in 1971, was critical of the government and its actions. In 1977 it was closed and expropriated by the de facto regime of Lieutenant General Jorge Rafael Videla (1976–81). In turn, Hugo Monzón was an Argentine art critic; he was also the director of the Museo de Artes Plásticas [Museum of Visual Arts] Eduardo Sívori, and was in charge of the Visual Arts Section of La Opinión.This document has been chosen because it records the activities of the student movement under Lanusse’s illegitimate government, and provides details of the resignation of the chancellor of the Escuela de Bellas Artes Prilidiano Pueyrredón in the face of student demands.