The editorial categories are research topics that have guided researchers during the recovery phase and continue to be the impetus behind the Documents Project’s digital archive and the Critical Documents book series. Developed by the project’s Editorial Board, each of the teams analyzed this framework and adapted it to their local contexts in developing their research objectives and work plans during the Recovery Phase. Learn more on the Editorial Framework page.
“Máscara” [Mask] was the inspired piece about Julio Ruelas written by the poet Amado Nervo, who informed the readers of Revista Moderna [Modern Magazine] that ever since the periodical had been publishing vignettes and illustrations by Ruelas, there had been an outpouring of enthusiastic admiration and support for the artist in Latin American art circles, where Ruelas was considered to be the finest draughtsman in Mexico and the most inspired illustrator in Latin America. Nervo’s article also features a brilliant analysis of the artist’s work that links Ruelas to what in those days was referred to as the Decadence movement.
The article by Amado Nervo (1870-1919) about Julio Ruelas (1870-1907) is one of the earliest examples of the critical acclaim received by the artist born in Zacatecas. In a style that is reminiscent of the complimentary review written by Tablada about Ruelas in 1893, Nervo sees a Latin American-ness in the Zacatecan’s work, thereby linking it to the work of Leopoldo Lugones, José Enrique Rodó, Rubén Darío and other key modernist writers in the Americas. In spite of its relationship to European art, the power and originality of this cultural phenomenon make it the melting pot of the Latin American movements that see references to an “American expression” in nature, in women, and in local contexts.