The editorial categories are research topics that have guided researchers during the recovery phase and continue to be the impetus behind the Documents Project’s digital archive and the Critical Documents book series. Developed by the project’s Editorial Board, each of the teams analyzed this framework and adapted it to their local contexts in developing their research objectives and work plans during the Recovery Phase. Learn more on the Editorial Framework page.
This article is the first one to mention the aspect that will make this news item popular and notorious: “The fact is that a number of people in a segment of society deemed honorable were by chance discovered in a sphere that represents extreme depravity. So how hard could it be to deduce all the things that have not been discovered?” This questioning implicated Ignacio de la Torre, a son-in-law of Porfirio Díaz, as well as the sons of several other important government officials.
During the Porfirio Díaz administration, any press references to sexual heterogeneity were veiled, but it was in 1901, based on a scandalous raid on a clandestine dance, that the subject became relevant.El País (founded by Trinidad Sánchez), a Catholic newspaper with conservative tendencies, became a defender of morality when it categorized this event as an “odious dance.” It also took advantage of the moment to settle scores with the liberals. Thus the publication stated that “the authorization of licentiousness,”—which, for this newspaper, is a natural consequence of liberalism—leads “by inescapable logic to the abysm of aberrations that at first glance seem unbelievable.” This led to a dispute with the semi-official newspaper, El Imparcial, which defended both “liberalism and progress” (bastions of the political system of Porfirio Díaz). El País, a daily newspaper that considered liberalism the cause of the scandalous dance, fired off a round of attacks. El Imparcial replied that the pride of Mexico were historic figures such as Benito Juárez, José María Iglesias and Ignacio Ramírez, all notable liberals. From that night on, in Mexican culture, to say “forty-one” was both a reference to homosexuality and an indicator of intolerance.