Documents of 20th-century Latin American and Latino Art

www.mfah.org Home

IcaadocsArchive

Document first page thumbnail
  • ICAA Record ID
    778101
    AUTHOR
    Montes de Oca, Francisco
    TITLE
    Chismitos del día : los 41 de Marras. Nacieron de nuevo / Diablo Rojo
    IN
    El Popular : Diario independiente de la mañana (México, D. F., México). -- Nov. 25, 1901.
    DESCRIPTION
    p. 1
    LANGUAGES
    Spanish
    TYPE AND GENRE
    Newspaper article – Nota
    BIBLIOGRAPHIC CITATION
    Diablo Rojo [Francisco Montes de Oca]. Chismitos del día: Los 41 de Marras. Nacieron de nuevo." El Popular: Diario independiente de la mañana (Mexico City), November 25, 1901.
    TOPIC DESCRIPTORS
Editorial Categories [?]
Synopsis

After a scandalous raid in Mexico City— known as the Ball of the Forty-One—in which forty-two homosexual men were detained, El Popular kept up its mocking tone in sarcastic short pieces: “––Listen, bitch, I thought of an idea to keep them from messing us up. / ––¡Ay, you don’t say, Rebeca! So what’s your idea? For God’s sake, tell me right away, my heart’s about to burst out of my chest! / ––Well, I can barely breathe, myself. Look, what we’re going to do is tell them that we’re men... / ––They’ll never believe it, love of my life.”

Annotations

This article reflects the jokey, sensationalist perspective that emphasized the participation of "poor" people and the discovery and arrest of groups of "faggots" who held dances in different neighborhoods at which the men wore women’s dresses and were romanced by other men. 

During the Porfirio Díaz administration, any press references to sexual diversity were veiled. However, starting with a clandestine dance, the subject assumed importance and permeated different social classes. From that night on, in Mexican culture, to say "forty-one" was both a reference to homosexuality and an indicator of intolerance.

Years later, through portraits and caricatures, artists such as Diego Rivera (1886-1957), José Clemente Orozco (1883-1949) and Antonio Ruiz (1897-1964) ridiculed and attacked the feminization of a certain sector in Mexican culture.

Researcher
Alejandro García
Team
CURARE, Espacio crítico para las artes, Mexico City, Mexico
Credit

Location
Fondo Reservado del Instituto de Investigaciones Bibliográficas : Biblioteca Nacional/Hemeroteca Nacional