The editorial categories are research topics that have guided researchers during the recovery phase and continue to be the impetus behind the Documents Project’s digital archive and the Critical Documents book series. Developed by the project’s Editorial Board, each of the teams analyzed this framework and adapted it to their local contexts in developing their research objectives and work plans during the Recovery Phase. Learn more on the Editorial Framework page.
As of 1958, Industrias Kaiser Argentina had a plan to organize and sponsor an annual event, the first of which would be the Primer Concurso Anual de Artes Visuales Contemporáneas [First Annual Contemporary Visual Art Competition]. People quickly started calling the event the Salón IKA [IKA Salon], a name that has been used to identify the event to this day. The document selected consists of a chronological summary of the Salons held between 1958 and 1961 in the city of Córdoba. It identifies the characteristics of the first three salons and discusses the process of preparing for the IV Salón IKA [ Fourth IKA Salon], to be held in August 1961. The chronology also mentions the opening of the Sala IKA [IKA Hall] in the Museo Provincial de Bellas Artes Emilio A. Caraffa. This exhibition area was provided by the Department of Culture of the Province of Córdoba. The purpose of the hall was to exhibit the collection of works acquired by IKA in prior Salons.
In 1958, Industrias Kaiser Argentina (IKA), a motor-car company headquartered in the province of Córdoba, launches an art dissemination project when it organizes the I Salón IKA [First IKA Salon]. While IKA limits this first salon to artists from Córdoba, the four subsequent events would extend invitations to sixteen rural provinces. In 1961, when it decides to broaden the plan to the national level, IKA organizes a biennial painting competition that includes international participation. These Bienales Americanas de Arte [Latin American Art Biennials] (BAAs) would serve as a promotional vehicle for IKA. At the same time, they would showcase the company’s Pan-Americanist policies, which were supported and promoted by the OAS.The document selected shows the chronology of the development of the Salons starting with the first one. It emphasizes both the positive public reception of the Salons and the favorable criticism that has come from different spheres. The main importance of this document is that it is the only one that sets forth both the background of and reasons for organizing the BAAs.