Documents of 20th-century Latin American and Latino Art

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Synopsis

In this essay, Aracy Amaral discusses the career of the historian and art critic Damián Carlos Bayón, stressing the important role that he and Marta Traba played throughout the Americas by fostering a deeper understanding of Latin American art. Amaral describes Bayón’s early activities—as head of the editorial department at Ver y Estimar, the magazine that was initially managed by Jorge Romero Brest—as well as his international journalism experience in Paris, Barcelona, and New York in the 1950s. She lists his major works and mentions the impact achieved by the book he produced for UNESCO: América Latina en sus artes (Mexico City: Siglo XXI, 1980). The essay highlights the importance of the exhibition in Austin, Texas—where Bayón was a professor—that led to the Art and Literature Symposium in 1975 that was sponsored by the Mexican magazine Plural. Amaral implies that Bayón was suspicious of the contemporary avant-garde, and relatively ignorant about Brazilian art.

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Synopsis

Depoimento em que relata a trajetória do historiador e crítico argentino Damian Bayón, enfatizando sua importância, junto a Marta Traba, para o aprofundamento dos estudos sobre a arte na América Latina. Descreve o início de sua atividade junto a Romero Brest, na revista Ver y Estimar, e sua experiência internacional, em Paris, Barcelona e Nova Iorque. Cita suas principais obras,  a importância da edição do livro America Latina en sus artes, publicado pela Unesco, e a exposição organizada em Austin em 1975 pela revista Plural, que originou o Simpósio sobre Arte e Literatura. Declara a desconfiança de Bayón pelas vanguardas contemporâneas e seu relativo desconhecimento da arte brasileira.

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Annotations

Aracy A. Amaral (b. 1930) is a historian and art critic who has taken a very keen interest in Latin American art since 1975. She took part in the Austin Symposium in Texas and subsequently established relationships with Latin American critics such as Damián C. Bayón (1915–95) from Argentina—the organizer of the event, Peruvian Juan Acha (1916–95), who lived in Mexico, and Marta Traba (1923–83), who was from Argentina, but who had settled in Colombia.

 

Historian, journalist, art critic, and professor, Damián Carlos Bayón originally studied architecture in his native Argentina. In 1944, he became a student of Jorge Romero Brest’s, with whom he created the magazine Ver y Estimar (during its first period, 1948–55). Then he went to Europe, and in Paris he worked with the theoretician Pierre Francastel. The political instability in Argentina prompted him to become a French citizen, although he kept his Argentinean citizenship as well. He joined UNESCO, which led to a number of jobs in the field of Latin American art and architecture. He was a professor at the University of Texas at Austin, and in 1981, was named as the Tinker Professor at Stanford University in California.

 

Amaral’s article is impressive because it includes interesting details about Bayón’s career as well as insights into relationships between scholars and artists in Latin America since the 1960s.

 

This article undoubtedly reflects the exchange of thoughts and ideas and artistic discussions between Latin American countries in the 1960s, during Bayón’s international career. On this matter, see Bayón’s own perspective in Arte moderno en América Latina (Madrid: Taurus Ediciones, 1984); the preface to this book is available in [doc. no. 1061874].

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Annotations

Aracy Amaral é historiadora e crítica de arte, e desde 1975 desenvolve interesse específico sobre a arte latino-americana, tendo participado do Simpósio de Austin, no Texas, e aproximado-se de críticos latino-americanos, como Damian Bayon, Juan Acha e Marta Traba. O relato da autora é significativo por reunir informações importantes não só sobre a trajetória de Bayon, como sobre a articulação dos estudos entre estdiosos e artistas rcedentes da América Latina desde a década de 1960.

 

a- Intercâmbio de idéias e difusão artística entre países do continente

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Researcher
Marco Andrade
Team
FAPESP, Sao Paulo, Brazil
Credit
Courtesy of personal archives of Aracy A. Amaral, São Paulo, Brazil
Location
Acervo Pessoal Aracy Amaral